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Civil and Criminal Law
Social Organization and Social Control
16 other sections not shown
According advocates African Americans approach Auburn Auburn system became believed Braithwaite capital punishment changes claimed committed concerning confinement convicted corporate crime correctional courts crime control crime rates criminal behavior criminal justice system criminologists culture death penalty determine deterrent effects drug economic emphasis enforcement example executions factors focused function groups harm human idea impact important imprisonment incarceration increased indeterminate sentencing influence inmates institutions interest intermediate sanctions involved ishment issue jails juvenile large numbers law-abiding lawbreaking major mandatory sentences ment moral murder organizations parole penal policies penitentiaries penology philosophical political potential principle prison population probation problems programs rational recidivism reform rehabilitation reintegration release responsibility restorative justice retribution risk selective incapacitation sentencing laws serious Shichor social control society street crime supermax surveillance tences theory three-strikes law tion Tonry total institutions treatment twentieth century United utilitarian victims violations violent white-collar crime