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1st space 2nd space altissimo appoggiatura ascending baritone bass clef note bass note brass instrument called Chapter chords chromatic chromatic scale clarinet compass composition contralto counted counter-tenor dissonant distance dotted double demisemiquavers double-dotted duration Enharmonic equal to three Fetis fifth fingers flat major flat minor flute four crotchets G clef G clef note G sharp grace harmony heard human voice instrument interval intonation key-board key-note learner lines and spaces male marked melody ments mezzo-soprano minim Minor Thirds modulated Music Explained natural oboe octave ophicleide orchestra passages performer piano pianoforte piece of music placed played portamento practice principal note produced pupil quick rest scale semi-tones semibreve semiquaver shake sharp minor sharps or flats singing slow movements song soprano sound strings stroke struck sung tenor three crotchets three quavers thumb tone tonic treble clef treble staff trombone trumpet variety vibrations violin violoncello vocal voice whilst
Page 23 - Let him attend with great care to the voice of the scholar, which, whether it be di petto or di testa, should always come forth neat and clear, without passing through the nose or being choked in the throat...
Page 32 - Aria di bravura, portamento derives its name from the term which expresses tha carriage or sustaining of the voice. It is composed chiefly of long notes, such as the singer can dwell on, and have thereby an opportunity of displaying the beauties of his voice, and calling forth its powers ; for the beauty of sound itself, and of vocal sound in particular, as being the finest of all sounds, is held by the Italians to be one of the chief sources of the pleasure derived from music. The subjects proper...
Page 23 - Delivery consists, according to a respectable authority, "in adapting as perfectly as possible the motions of respiration to the emission of sound, so as to bring out the power of the latter, as much as the quality of the organ and the conformation of the chest will admit, without carrying It to that degree of effort which makes the sound degenerate into a cry.
Page 27 - Go, my son ; you have nothing more to learn ; you are the first singer of Italy, and of the world.
Page 31 - The first and highest class is the aria cantabile, so called by preeminence, as if it alone were entitled to the name of song : and indeed it is the only kind of song which gives the singer an opportunity of displaying all his powers of every description. The proper objects of this kind of air are sentiments of tenderness ; and its proper expression is a pleasing sadness.
Page 10 - C, C sharp ; D, D sharp ; E, F, F sharp ; G, G sharp ; A, B flat, B, C. In that scale, or what would seem to be that scale, he balances himself like an acrobat, springing on to the desired key without preparation,' and so on until the old stag was interrupted by a friend, a lady who had just recognised him.
Page 23 - Let him (the scholar) take care whilst he sings, that he gets a graceful posture, and makes an agreeable appearance. " Let him rigorously correct all grimaces and tricks of the head, of the body, and particularly of the mouth, which ought to be composed in a manner (if the sense of the words permit it) rather inclined to a smile than too much gravity.
Page 47 - It is scored for two flutes and piccolo, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, tuba, timpani, and strings.
Page 27 - ... requisites, and asked him if he had courage to persevere with constancy in the course of study which he would mark out for him, however wearisome it might seem. Having gained the consent of the young man, the master wrote upon a single sheet of paper the diatonic and chromatic scales, ascending and descending, the intervals of third, fourth, fifth, &c...
Page 32 - CATCH, in music, is defined to be "a piece for three or four voices, one of which leads, and the others follow in the same notes." But perhaps it may be more correctly described as a fugue in the unison, wherein to humour some conceit in the words, or to give them a different meaning, the melody is broken, and the sense is interrupted in one part, and caught and supported by another.