The New Spirit of Capitalism
In this major work, the sociologists Eve Chiapello and Luc Boltanski go to the heart of the changes in contemporary business culture.
Via an unprecedented analysis of the latest management texts that have formed the thinking of employers in their organization of business, the authors trace the contours of a new spirit of capitalism. They argue that from the middle of the 1970s onwards, capitalism abandoned the hierarchical Fordist work structure and developed a new network-based form of organization which was founded on employee initiative and autonomy in the workplace – a 'freedom' that came at the cost of material and psychological security.
The authors connect this new spirit with the children of the libertarian and romantic currents of the late 1960s (as epitomised by dressed-down. cool capitalists such as Bill Gates and 'Ben and Jerry') arguing that they practice a more successful and subtle form of exploitation.
In a work that is already a classic in Europe, Boltanski and Chiapello show how the new spirit triumphed thanks to a remarkable recuperation of the Left's critique of the alienation of everyday life – a recuperation that simultaneously undermined the power of its social critique.
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PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH EDITION
MANAGEMENT DISCOURSE IN THE 1990s
THE FORMATION OF THE PROJECTIVE CITY
THE TRANSFORMATION OF CAPITALISM AND THE
DISMANTLING THE WORLD OF WORK
UNDERMINING THE DEFENCES OF THE WORLD OF WORK
THE REVIVAL OF THE SOCIAL CRITIQUE
THE TEST OF THE ARTISTIC CRITIQUE