The office industry: patterns of growth and location
MIT Press, 1972 - Architecture - 179 pages
A Report of the Regional Plan Association The Regional Plan Association is an unofficial nonprofit organization founded to undertake research and recommend policies aimed at improving the environmental and social aspects of the region extending into three states with New York City as its focal point. It is also committed to publishing its findings and proposals. This report was prepared for the association by Regina Belz Armstrong and was edited by Boris Pushkarev and Alan Donheiser. The report indicates that the number of office jobs and the new office space needed will approximately double in the New York region by the year 2000 and will increase even more rapidly for the nation as a whole. An article on the report that appeared in Business Weekstates that it "is aimed at a 31-county, 13,000-sq.-mi. region in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. But it bristles with figures and concepts important to all U.S. metropolitan areas, especially the 25 that have a million or more population. Its message is one of hope strongly laced with somber warnings." Summarizing the report's forecasts and recommendations, the Business Weekaccount continues as follows: "Office jobs over the past decade or so have powered whatever growth cities have achieved and moderated any declines. Now, the flight of corporations from Manhattan and other city cores is quickening. In this context, the RPA study raises critical questions about the future shape and vitality of cities and suburbs alike. "The essence of the RPA analysis: The coming expansion in office jobs and the resulting office building construction can save cities or destroy the countryside. Directed into central cities, or subsidiary cities and urban centers, new offices could underpin their economy, stimulate mass transit, and provide investment for redesigning downtown areas to make them more efficient and pleasant. But if present trends accelerate, this growth could soak up thousands of acres of valuable suburban land, wipe out what little public transit remains, generate endless miles of highways and parking lots, create unsightly and wasteful commercial strips along roads, ultimately reproduce many of the problems that now afflict the cities."
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Avenue of Americas average banks centers central administrative offices central business district central city central office clusters concentration corporate density Detail distribution downtown downtown Brooklyn employ Enterprise Statistics estimated Fabricated metals feet of office Figure firms front offices hattan Hdqrs headquarters activity headquarters location Houston SMSA increase industry groups Inner ring Intermediate ring Jersey jobs in office labor Manhattan CBD manufacturing headquarters ment metropolitan areas middle market midtown midtown Manhattan million square feet Minn.-St nation Newark office activity office building employment office construction office employment office floor space office industry office jobs office space office workers office-type occupations Outer ring Park Avenue pattern percent Pittsburgh population production Regional Plan Association Rest of core ring of development sector share SMSA Source sq ft square miles Street subcenters suburban suburbs tion total employment transportation trends Tri-State Regional U.S. Bureau U.S. Census urban variant white-collar York City York Region