The Ozone Layer: A Philosophy of Science Perspective

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 18, 2001 - Psychology - 215 pages
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The Ozone Layer: A Philosophy of Science Perspective provides the first thorough and accessible history of stratospheric ozone, from the discovery of ozone in the nineteenth century to current investigations of the Antarctic ozone hole. Drawing directly on the extensive scientific literature, Christie uses the story of ozone as a case study for examining fundamental issues relating to the collection and evaluation of evidence, the conduct of scientific debate and the construction of scientific consensus. By linking key debates in the philosophy of science to an example of real-world science, the author not only provides an excellent introduction to the philosophy of science but also challenges many of its preconceptions. This accessible book will interest students and academics concerned with the history, philosophy and sociology of science, as well as having general appeal on this topic of contemporary relevance and concern.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
History of the understanding of stratospheric ozone
7
Stratospheric ozone before 1960
9
Chlorinated fluorocarbons
17
The Supersonic Transport SST debate
23
Molina and Rowland chlorine enters the story
29
Too much of a good thing? Crucial data backlog in the Antarctic ozone hole discovery
38
Antarctic ozone hole theories and investigations
53
Prediction in science
73
The crucial experiment
93
Positive and negative evidence in theory selection
122
Branches and subbranches of science problems at disciplinary boundaries
149
Scientific evidence and powerful computers new problems for philosophers of science?
159
The scientific consensus
169
References
205
Index
212

Completing the picture from AAOE to 1994
66
Philosophical issues arising from the history
71

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