The Ozone Layer: A Philosophy of Science Perspective
The Ozone Layer: A Philosophy of Science Perspective provides the first thorough and accessible history of stratospheric ozone, from the discovery of ozone in the nineteenth century to current investigations of the Antarctic ozone hole. Drawing directly on the extensive scientific literature, Christie uses the story of ozone as a case study for examining fundamental issues relating to the collection and evaluation of evidence, the conduct of scientific debate and the construction of scientific consensus. By linking key debates in the philosophy of science to an example of real-world science, the author not only provides an excellent introduction to the philosophy of science but also challenges many of its preconceptions. This accessible book will interest students and academics concerned with the history, philosophy and sociology of science, as well as having general appeal on this topic of contemporary relevance and concern.
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History of the understanding of stratospheric ozone
Stratospheric ozone before 1960
The Supersonic Transport SST debate
Molina and Rowland chlorine enters the story
Too much of a good thing? Crucial data backlog in the Antarctic ozone hole discovery
Antarctic ozone hole theories and investigations
Prediction in science
The crucial experiment
Positive and negative evidence in theory selection
Branches and subbranches of science problems at disciplinary boundaries
Scientific evidence and powerful computers new problems for philosophers of science?
The scientific consensus
Completing the picture from AAOE to 1994
Philosophical issues arising from the history
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AAOE aerosol analysis anomalous Antarctic ozone depletion Antarctic ozone hole Antarctic phenomenon antithesis argument atmospheric scientists atomic cent CFCs chemists chlo chlorine chemistry chlorine compounds chlorine monoxide chlorine theory CIO levels circulation theories clear computer model concentrations confirmation correlation crucial experiment debate dichlorodifluoromethane effect elevated CIO evidence factors falsification Farman global Halley Bay hydrogen chloride important increase investigation involved issue km altitude latitudes Maduro and Schauerhammer measurements mechanism methyl chloride mixing ratio molecules Molina and Rowland Mount Erebus NASA nitrogen oxides nitrous oxide observations oxygen ozone chemistry ozone depletion ozone layer ozone levels paper particles particular philosophers polar stratospheric polar stratospheric clouds polar vortex Popper possible prediction problem produce refrigerant region result rival theories scheme scientific consensus scientific theory significant smoking gun solar cycle solar cycle theory springtime strato stratospheric chemistry stratospheric ozone surface tion toxic troposphere ultraviolet light