The political writings of William Penn
William Penn played a crucial role in the articulation of religious liberty as a philosophical and political value during the second half of the seventeenth century and as a core element of the classical liberal tradition in general. Penn was not only one of the most vocal spokesmen for liberty of conscience in Restoration England, but he also oversaw a great colonizing endeavor that attempted to instantiate his tolerationist commitments in practice. His thought has relevance not only for scholars of English political and religious history, but also for those who are interested in the foundations of American religious liberty, political development, and colonial history. This volume illuminates the origins and development of Penn's thought by presenting, for the first time, complete and annotated texts of all his important political works. Penn's early political writings illuminate the Whig understanding of English politics as guided by the ancient constitution (epitomized by Magna Charta and its elaboration of English native rights). The ancient constitution symbolized, for Penn and other Whigs, a balanced governing relationship between King and Parliament, established from antiquity and offering a standard against which to judge the actions of particular Parliaments. The values of liberty, property, and consent (as represented by Parliament) provide the basis for Penn's advocacy of liberty of conscience in Restoration England. During the 1660s and 1670s, Penn used his social prominence as well as the time afforded him by several imprisonments to compose a number of works advocating religious toleration and defending the ancient constitution as a guarantor of popular liberties. In the 1680s, Penn's political thought emphasized the substantive importance of toleration as a fundamental right and the civil magistrate's duty to grant such freedom regardless of those interests in society (e.g., the Church of England, Tories in Parliament) who might oppose it. His social status, indefatigable energy for publication, and command of biblical and historical sources give Penn's political writings a twofold significance: as a window on toleration and liberty of conscience, perhaps the most vexing issue of Restoration politics; and as part of a broader current of thought that would influence political thought and practice in the colonies as well as in the mother country. William Penn(16441718) lived during the two great political and religious upheavals in seventeenth-century England: the Civil Wars of the 1640s and the 1688 Revolution. He was expelled from Christ Church College, Cambridge, for religious nonconformity, and in 1667 he converted to Quakerism. After his conversion, he worked as a preacher, writer, and spokesman for the Quakers, promoting religious liberty and attempting to advance the interests of the Quakers in the American colonies.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
rhe Peoples Ancient and lust Liberties Asserted 1670
Englands Great Interest in the Choice of This
10 other sections not shown
Other editions - View all
Acts Anabaptist Apostle Arrians Authority believe Beneﬁt Bishop Blessed Caesar Christian Church of England Civil Interest Commandments Communion conﬁrmed Conformity Corinthians Declaration of Indulgence Dissenters Divine Doctrine endeavour Enemies English Faith Father fear ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁt Force Fundamental give God’s Government Grace hath Heart Hereticks Holy Ghost Honour Jesus Christ Jews John Judge Judgment Jury Justice justiﬁe King King’s Kingdom Liberty of Conscience live Livy Lord Love Luke Magistrate Man’s Matter Matthew Men’s Mind Nature never Number Opinion Papists Parliament Party Peace Penal Laws Penn Penn’s Persecution Persons Perswasion Popery Power Pretence Prince Principles Property Protestants Publick Punishment Reason Reﬂection Reformation Religion Religious Right Righteousness Roman Catholicks Ruin Sacriﬁce saith Scripture Security shew Socrates Scholasticus Souls Spirit suffer Tacitus tell Things thou tion Toleration Transubstantiation true Truth Understanding unto Verdict William Mead William Penn Word World Worldly Worship