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acts American American Civil War Armed Neutrality belli belligerent blockade blockaded port Bluntschli Britain Calvo capture cargo carried century chap colonies commerce confiscation contraband contraband of war convoy courts custom Declaration Declaration of Paris Denmark doctrine Droit Dumont duty effect enemy enemy's England English equipment existing fact force foreign France French gerent Government guerre harbour Heffter Holland horses hostilities innocent intent international law issued jurisdiction large number latter law of nations ligerent Lord Stowell maritime Martens ment merchandise military munitions naval stores navire neutral country neutral port neutral sovereign neutral territory neutral vessel neutre Nouv object operations opinion Ortolan parties peace persons Phillimore Pistoye Portugal practice prevent principle privileges prize prohibition provisions rule Russia saltpetre Santissima Trinidad seized seizure ships sovereignty Spain subjects Sweden tion trade treaties United Provinces usage Vattel violation warlike Wheaton writers
Page 67 - First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a power with which it is at peace ; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel having been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction, to warlike use.
Page 193 - Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective — that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 66 - States shall then be at peace with such belligerent. ) 8. Fitting out and arming, or attempting to fit out and arm, or procuring to be fitted out and armed, or knowingly being concerned in the furnishing, fitting out, or arming of any ship or vessel with intent that such ship or vessel shall be employed in the service of either of the said belligerents.
Page 196 - Majesty for that purpose first had and obtained as aforesaid, shall, by adding to the number of the guns of such vessel, or by changing those on board for other guns, or by the addition of any equipment for war...
Page 193 - Considering : That maritime law, in time of war, has long been the subject of deplorable disputes; That the uncertainty of the law and of the duties in such a matter gives rise to differences of opinion between neutrals and belligerents which "may occasion serious difficulties, and even conflicts...
Page 197 - ... fine and imprisonment, or either of them, at the discretion of the Court in which such offender shall be convicted...
Page 192 - Que tout vaisseau peut naviguer librement de port en port et sur les côtes des nations en guerre.
Page 64 - But there is nothing in our laws, or in the law of nations, that forbids our citizens from sending armed vessels, as well as munitions of war, to foreign ports for sale. It is a commercial adventure which no nation is bound to prohibit, and which only exposes the persons engaged in it to the penalty of confiscation.
Page 45 - Equipments of vessels in the ports of the United States which are of a nature solely adapted to war are deemed unlawful...