The sexual division of labour: the Italian case
Examining the determinants of occupational sex-typing and the actual features of women's and men's work, Bettio here argues that women's relative contributions as income earners within the family and their historically subordinate role lead to the recurrence of particular patterns of sex-typing.
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AN INTERPRETATIVE FRAMEWORK
A CENTURY OF SEXTYPING
THE SECULAR PATTERN OF FEMALE
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activity actual aggregate analysis automation average Biella Castronovo 1964 census cent ceramic tile Chapter chocolate compared decrease demand deskilling division of labour economy effect employed employees estimates fact factors favour female employment female labour female participation female relative earnings feminized Ferrero Ferrero SPA firms fork-lift truck grading higher hourly impact income increase industrial sector ISTAT Italian Italy labour force labour market labour process lower MAIC male manual manufacturing married women Ministero del Lavoro occupations overall packaging pasta pattern personnel Perugina Piemonte plant positions postwar period power loom production workers proportion of women rates ratio respect responsibility result role Rubery segmentation semi-skilled seniority sex-based sex-linked sex-typing sexual division share of women shift skill Source specific spinning standard statistical supply survey Table tasks textiles tion trade unions trend unions unskilled wage differentials wage labour wool work-force