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Interpretation of Soft Xray Spectra
Current Problems and Advances
absorption edge allowed transitions alloys angular momentum arising atomic number Auger Auger effect band structure band system band width binding Bohr bond Brillouin zone calculated carbon component compounds conduction band corresponding covalent crystal curve density diffracted effect electron bombardment electron configuration emission edge emitted empirical band empty levels energy difference energy distribution energy levels example excited Fermi energy field filled film gives hydrogen hydrogen-like atoms incident increased intensity interaction ionic ionic bond ionised ions isolated atoms lattice level system lower magnetic material maximum metals nuclei number of electrons optical orbital overlap Photoelectric photomultiplier photon possible quantum number radiation represents retarding potential selection rules semi-conductors and insulators separation shell shown in Figure shows soft X-ray method solid spectrometer spectroscopy spin sub-shell superposition surface target technique temperature theoretical total number types unit volume vacuum level valence band valence electrons vector wave functions wavelength X-ray region zero