The southwest necropolis of Satricum: excavations 1981-1986
This book is the final report of the rescue excavations, which took place from 1989 to 1986 in the Southwest Necropolis of Satricum (Borgo Le Ferriere, Latium), well known in antiquity for its sanctuary of the Latin goddess Mater Matuta. They were carried out as a part of the Satricum Research Project, which started in 1977 under the auspieces of the Dutch Institute in Rome. The Southwest Necropolis has been attribute to the Volscians, an indigenous people of central Italy who, according to Livy, captured Sactricum in 488 B.C. Presumably, they stayed there until 346 B.C. The non-Latian character of the necropolis seems to be confirmed by archaeological evidence like the remarkable burial gift of a miniature lead axe-head with an inscription in an indigenous dialect. Other evidence for the Volcian identification includes the intramural location of the graves, some of the pottery shapes, and the regular presence of grave goods. So far, the Southwest Necropolis is the only known cemetery in Latium from this period in which the graves regularly contain burial gifts. More than 200 trench graves have been documented, 167 of which have been completely excavated. Inhumation is the only recorded form of burial in most of cases in rectangular wooden coffins.
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ANALYSIS OF THE FINDS
Guide to the catalogue
Chart of grave gifts 512
Abbreviations and Bibliography