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anthracite apparatus ascensional atmosphere average bituminous coal bridge burning burnt gases calculated carbon carbonic acid cent chimney clearance clinker coal consumed Coal per square coke column compression consumed per hour cubic feet cubic foot door draught evaporated per hour evaporative efficiency feed-heater feed-water feet in diameter feet long fire-bars fire-box flue flue-tubes foot of grate foot-pounds formula French boiler furnace gaseous products grate per hour grate-area Hartley heat of combustion heaters heating surface horizontal horse-power hydrogen inches in diameter inches per square Lancashire latent heat Locomotive Mulhouse ordinary oxygen patented performance pipes plate pound of coal proportion quantity of water rate of combustion reduced Ronchamp slack square feet square foot square inch Steam Boilers Steam Engines stoker stroke supply of air surface-ratio temperature tested total heat trials tubes velocity vertical volume water evaporated water-tube boiler weight Welsh Welsh coal whilst
Page i - Boilers ; comprising the Principles and Practice of the Combustion of Fuel, the Economical Generation of Steam, the Construction of Steam Boilers, and the Principles, Construction and Performance of Steam Engines, Stationary, Portable, Locomotive and Marine, exemplified in Engines and Boilers of recent date. 1,300 figures in the text, and a series of folding plates drawn to scale. 2 vols. 8vo, cloth. 15 00 CLARK (JACOB M.).
Page 31 - The flow of steam of a greater pressure into an atmosphere of a less pressure, increases as the difference of pressure is increased, until the external pressure becomes only 58 per cent of the absolute pressure in the boiler.
Page 311 - That, assuming throughout a constant efficiency of the fuel, or proportion of water evaporated to the fuel, the evaporative performance of a locomotive boiler, or the quantity of water which it is capable of evaporating per hour, decreases directly as the grate-area is increased ; that is to say, the larger the grate the smaller is the evaporation of water, when the efficiency of fuel is the same, even with the same heating surface.
Page 287 - ... week. During the second week it was cleaned twice every day; but during the third week, after having been cleaned on Monday morning, it was worked continuously without further cleaning. A smoke-making coal was used. The consumption was maintained sensibly constant from day to day.
Page 23 - Steam.— When saturated steam is superheated, or surcharged with heat, it advances from the condition of saturation into that of gaseity. The gaseous state is only arrived at by considerably elevating the temperature, supposing the pressure remains the same. Steam thus sufficiently superheated is known as gaseous steam or steam gas.
Page 31 - ... of the inside pressure, even to the extent of a perfect vacuum. In flowing through a nozzle of the best form, the steam expands to the external pressure, and to the volume due to this pressure, so long as it is not less than 58 per cent of the internal pressure. For an external pressure of 58 per cent, and for lower percentages, the ratio of expansion is 1 to 1.624.
Page 98 - Williams' system, as is well known, consists in the admission of air at the furnace door, or at the bridge, or at both, by numerous small apertures, with the intention of diffusing it in streams and jets amongst the gases. In the plan adopted in the present instance, Mr. Williams introduces the air only at the front of the furnace, by means of...
Page 32 - V = the velocity of outflow in feet per second, as for steam of the initial density; h = the height in feet of a column of steam of the given absolute initial pressure of uniform density, the weight of which is equal to the pressure on the unit of base. The lowest initial pressure to which the formula applies, when the steam is discharged into the atmosphere at 14.7 Ibs.