The symphony orchestra and its instruments
A finely illustrated, comprehensive yet easy-to-use guide by an experienced orchestra administrator explains every facet of the orchestra--its instruments, history, composers, development, and repertoire--for the benefit of beginner and connoisseur alike.
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The orchestra finds its forms
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air column artistic Bach Bach's Baroque bassoons became Beethoven bell Berlioz Brahms brass instruments cello chestra chromatic clarinet colour composers concert conductor cornet created cymbals Debussy decades developed double bass drum early eighteenth century ensembles exploited French horn German Handel harp Haydn Herbert von Karajan holes inspired instru Karajan kettledrums keys later Lully Mahler melody ments metal modern mouthpiece movement Mozart musicians nineteenth century normally oboe octave opera orches overtones overture Paris pedal percussion performance Philharmonic piano piccolo players playing Ravel reed rehearsals Repertoire examples Richard Strauss Rimsky-Korsakov Rite of Spring Romantic semitone seventeenth century solo solo music sonata sound tube Stamitz Strauss Stravinsky string instruments struments Symphonie Fantastique symphony orchestra Tchaikovsky's technique teenth century theatre timbre tion tone tone-holes Toscanini transverse flute trombones trumpet tuned usually valve vibrate Vienna viol viola violin violin instruments virtuoso Vivaldi Wagner tuba wind instruments wooden woodwinds