The Syntax of Tenselessness: Tense/mood/aspect-agreeing Infinitivals
"Tense/Mood/Aspect-agreeing Infinitivals is an in-depth investigation of the syntax of verb-verb agreement phenomena in Swedish, including pseudocoordinations of the form John started and wrote 'John started writing' and double participles of the form John had been-able written 'John had been able to write'. Providing evidence from facts concerning extraction, locality, selection, and interpretation, the book argues that the relevant construction types all involve surface variants of "infinitives in disguise", infinitivals that agree with the matrix clause in tense/mood/aspect. Arguments are presented in favour of taking the dependencies underlying the agreement to be instances of Agree between functional heads of the same label, a configuration that yields restructuring/clause-union. The main theoretical contributions of the book are two: (i) Agreement is proportional to functional structure: The possibility of "copying" a particular morphosyntactic form is contingent on the presence of the corresponding functional projection in the agreeing XP. (ii) Size constancy between restructuring/non-restructuring infinitivals: The category selected by a verb may remain constant between restructuring and non-restructuring configurations. It is suggested that an important aspect of restructuring may be alternation between unmarked (negatively specified) features and unvalued varieties of the same features, capturing properties such as "tenselessness", "finitelessness", etc. of restructuring infinitivals. The book is an important contribution to the syntax of infinitival clauses, the syntax of clause-union/restructuring, and more generally to the syntax of agreement phenomena in natural language. In addition, it provides a general reference source for anyone interested in the syntax of Swedish and other Scandinavian languages."
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Copying is not phonological
Infinitivals in Swedish
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The Syntax of Tenselessness: Tense/Mood/Aspect-agreeing Infinitivals
Limited preview - 2007
adverbs anaphoric argument aspectual AspP boken borjade brev can.PPC Chapter clitic come.INF conjunct construction type context control verbs coordination copying complements copying constructions copying infinitivals dikter domain drack kaffe drink.PAST coffee ECM verbs embedded clause embedded verb extraction functional domain functional heads future-oriented gick go.PAST igår imorgon imperative infinitive inflection initP Lars latter lexical light verb locative matrix clause matrix verb motion verb nasta nästa vecka non-bare infinitivals non-copying o(ch partial copying participial form participle copying participle copying infinitivals particle phonological poem.PL possible posture verbs predicate present procP properties proposal pseudocoordinating verbs pseudocoordination involves raising verbs read.INF read.PAST read.PRES REFL relevant restricted restructuring rheme satt semantically sentence sing.PAST sit.PAST sit.PRES skrev skriva skrivit springa start.PAST structure subcategorization frames Swedish T-adverbs T-domain tense tenseless infinitivals TMA-copying infinitivals try.PAST try.PRES unvalued vacuous variants verb phrase verbs selecting whereas write.INF write.PAST write.PPC Wurmbrand 2001 yield