The Systematic Identification of Organic Compounds
Wiley, Dec 4, 1997 - Science - 700 pages
Dedicated to qualitative organic chemistry, this book explains how to identify organic compounds through step-by-step instructions. Topics include elemental analysis, solubility, infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectra; classification tests; and preparation of a derivative. Most directions for experiments are described in micro or mini scales. Discusses chromatography, distillations and the separation of mixtures. Questions and problems emphasize the skills required in identifying unknown samples.
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Identification of Unknowns
Preliminary Examination Physical Properties and Purity
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4-Nitro 4-Toluidide acetate acetone acetyl chloride acid dianilide acyl halide alcohol aldehyde aliphatic alkali alkyl amide amide amine ammonium anhydrous Anilide aqueous layer aqueous solution container aromatic atoms benzene benzenesulfonyl chloride benzoate benzyl boiling point bromine carbon carboxylic acid chemical chromatography classification test color column compound mp cyanide Derivative mp diethyl dilute dissolved distillation ester ethanol ether ferric Figure filtrate flask functional groups H NMR halogen heated hydrochloric acid hydrogen hydroxamic acid insoluble iodide ketone liquid melting point methyl methylene mixture mL of water molecular weight mono Name of compound NaOH neutralization equivalent nitrile nitrogen nitrous acid NMR spectrum organic compounds oxidation permanganate phenyl phenylhydrazine positive test potassium precipitate Procedure protons react reaction reagent recrystallized residue salt sample silver nitrate sodium hydroxide sodium hydroxide solution solid soluble in water solvent spectra sulfon sulfonamide sulfonyl chloride sulfuric acid Sunbelt R&T test tube toluene unknown water soluble zoate