The transfer of technology to developing countries
Daniel Lloyd Spencer, Alexander Woroniak
Praeger, 1967 - Developing countries - 209 pages
The theme is the search for an optimum method to transfer technology. Topics include: historical cases of transfer; economic theory as applied to the technological gap concept; a reexamination of the seminal work of Schumpeter and continental scholars, comparatively unknown in the U.S.; analysis of socio-economic variables with particular reference to the possibility of utilizing simulation technique; and possible strategies for improved methods of technological transfer, using sponsoring institutions such as 'fomentos', international business, indigenous military organizations, external military bases and missions, and others. Results, among others, include: (1) Recognition of relative neglect of transfer of technology studies in social science, particularly in economics: (2) Acceptance of the concept as a strategic tool for theoretical and operational use; (3) Criticism of the linear homogeneous production function technique (4) Exploration of the potential of simulation models for technological transfer; (5) Establishment of a nexus between historical or European experience and present day operational problems; (6) Exposure of the issue between those who think that transfer is a problem in imitation and information theory, and those who feel that the shock of social change attendant on the introduction of new technology must be socially engineered; (7) Emergence, from the dialogue, of a beginning strategy of transfer of technology. (Author).
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RETROSPECT AND PROSPECT
Transfer Diffusion and Technological
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adaptation adjustment advanced countries agricultural Alexander Gerschenkron American analysis application areas basic Beckerath behavior British Business Cycles Cambridge capital equipment cent concept cultural developed countries Economic Development economic growth Economic History economists Edgar Salin EDWIN MANSFIELD efficiency engineers entrepreneurs existing expenditures factor supplies factors of production firms given Gross National Product Habakkuk imitation important increase Industrial Revolution innovation institutional introduced investment Kmenta less less-developed countries level of technology ment modern nineteenth century nology number of patents operations Perroux possible problem production function relevant research and development result role Schumpeter Schumpeter's theory Schumpeterian scientific scientists Shubik simulation skills social specific tech technical change technical knowledge technical progress techniques technological change technological diffusion technological gap technological progress technological transfer tion transfer and diffusion transfer of technology underdeveloped countries University Press variables W. W. Rostow