The world in the Middle Ages: an historical geography, with accounts of the origin and development, the institutions and literature, the manners and customs of the nations in Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa, from the close of the fourth to the middle of the fifteenth century, Volume 1
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Adriatic Africa Alemanni Alps ancient Arabia Arabs army Asia Austrasia Avars Baltic banks barbarians battle became border Bulgarians Burgundy Byzantine Byzantine Empire Caliph called capital Carlovingian Carpathian mountains Caspian castles celebrated Charlemagne Charles Chazars Christian church Clovis coast conquest Constantinople counts Dacia Danes Danish Danube defeated diocese divided duchy dukes dynasty east Eastern Empire Elbe embraced emperor Europe extended fertile feudal flourishing formed fortress France Frankish Franks frontiers Gaul Gepidae German Gothic Goths governed Greek gulf Huns imperial independent inhabitants island Italy king kingdom lands likewise Loire Lombards metropolis military Mohammedan mountains nations Neustria ninth century northern Norway occupied Ostrogoths Otho Pannonia Pepin period Persian Petcheneges plains possession princes provinces Pyrenees reign residence Rhine river Roman Rome Russian Saint Saracens Sarmatia Saxons Sclavonian Secunda southeast southern Spain Suevi Sweden sword territory tion town tribes Vandals victory Visigoths warlike warriors western westward
Page 44 - With grim delight the brood of winter view A brighter day, and heavens of azure hue, Scent the new fragrance of the breathing rose, And quaff the pendent vintage as it grows.
Page 171 - Ommiyah ; 173 but in the fourth age of the Hegira, a tomb, a temple, a city, arose near the ruins of Cufa.1" Many thousands of the Shiites repose in holy ground at the feet of the vicar of God ; and the desert is vivified by the numerous and annual visits of the Persians, who esteem their devotion not less meritorious than the pilgrimage of Mecca.
Page 190 - There were scalds in Harald's court, whose poems the people know by heart, even at the present day, together with all the songs about the Kings who have ruled in Norway since his time ; and we rest the foundations of our story principally upon the songs which were sung in the presence of the Chiefs themselves, or of their sons, and take all to be true that is found in such poems about their feats and battles...
Page 62 - ... ships from our quarter of the world. Putting the dangers of a turbulent and unknown sea out of the case, who would leave the softer climes of Asia, Africa, or Italy, to fix his abode in Germany, where nature offers nothing but scenes of deformity; where the inclemency of the...
Page 443 - THE SHAKSPEARIAN READER. BY JWS HOWS. 12mo. 447 pages. Price $1 25. This work is prepared expressly for the use of Classes in schools and the reading circle, and contains a Collection of the most approved Plays of Shakspeare, carefully revised, with introductory and explanatory notes.
Page 441 - READING comprises three parts : the first part containing a more elaborate description of elementary sounds and of the parts of speech grammatically considered, than was deemed necessary in the preceding works; part second, a complete classification and description of every sentence to be found in the English, or in any other language ; part third, paragraphs ; or sentences in their connection unfolding general thoughts, as in the common reading-books.
Page 441 - Reader opens with a series of exercises on articulation and modulation, containing numerous examples for practice on the elementary sounds (including errors to be corrected) and on the different movements of the voice, produced by sentential structure, by emphasis, and by the passions. The habits formed by these exercises, which should be thoroughly...
Page 443 - The words are systematically presented in the synthesis, being classified by their vowel sounds and terminating consonants ; and generally, at the end of each class, they are arranged into little spelling lessons. 7. The learner is immediately initiated into reading lessons, composed of words of two or three letters, and is then led, progressively, into more difficult words. 8. The reading lessons are composed entirely of the words previously presented in the synthesis, or The spelling lessons.
Page 192 - ... resembles a small mountain lake. The entrance is hid by trees; and the mark of high water on the white beach at the head of the cove is the only indication that it belongs to the ocean. There is generally room at its head for one fishing farmer, with his house at the foot of the rocks, a green spot for his cows and goats, and his little skiff at anchor before his door; where the lucky fellow, without ever knowing what a sea-storm is, or going out of sight of his own chimney smoke, catches in...