Theory of Garden Art

Front Cover
University of Pennsylvania Press, Mar 8, 2001 - Architecture - 504 pages

C.C.L. Hirschfeld was perhaps the most important writer on gardens and landscape in eighteenth-century Germany. Acclaimed as the "father of landscape garden art," he was influential not just in Germany but also in France, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Russia. Popular with both experts and amateurs, Hirschfeld's writings had a significant effect on the development of European garden design, as well as on the establishment of public parks of his era. His celebration of the natural world sprang from his intellectual roots in Enlightened rationalism, but rather than following the systematic scientific strategy of his forerunners, Hirschfeld formulated a more popular approach that appealed to both the emotions and the reason of his audience. His five-volume Theory of Garden Art, published simultaneously in German and French between 1779 and 1785, is by far the most comprehensive of his works, and well-informed gardeners of the time considered it indispensable.

Although Hirschfeld's significance has increasingly been recognized in contemporary landscape scholarship, his works have not yet appeared in English. In this one-volume abridged edition Linda Parshall translates the essential aspects of the Theory of Garden Art, Hirschfeld's seminal work. The translation is accompanied by an introduction by Parshall, which analyzes Hirschfeld's place in the intellectual and cultural history of his time, and in the history of landscape design. This book will be a useful and authoritative contribution to both the history of landscape architecture and German cultural history.

 

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Contents

Contents
57
Gardens Whose Character Depends
61
Preface
66
Examination of Old and New Taste in Gardens
114
On Garden Art as a Fine Art
137
On the Function and Dignity of Gardens
146
On the Various Characters of Landscape
171
PART
203
Temples Grottoes Hermitages Chapels
284
On Resting Places Bridges and Gates
308
PART FOUR
336
Towards a Definition of the Garden
346
Gardens According to Different Locations
352
Gardens According to the Seasons
366
Gardens or Scenes According to Time of Day
380
Gardens According to the Character of Their
390

On Woody Plants
208
On Flowers
226
On Water
232
On Paths and Walkways
251
part three On Works of Art in Gardens
259
On Small Garden Buildings
275
GardenRelated Improvements in Parts of
418
List of Illustrations
445
Works Cited
471
Index
487
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Linda B. Parshall is Professor of German Literature at Portland State University.

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