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Substantive Issues and Analytical Paradigms
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Aiken analysis Azumi basic beneﬁts Blau Burns and Stalker centralization Chapter characteristics complex concentration of specialists concept conﬂict contingency theory correlation costs critical decentralization decision-issues decision-making deﬁned deﬁnition departments difﬁcult discussion disequilibrium dominant coalition effectiveness efﬁciency elite emphasis environment equilibrium example expertise ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst functional goals greater Hage Hage-Aiken hierarchy high risk decisions hospitals hypotheses idea impact important increase individual inﬂuence inputs interest groups issues James Thompson job autonomy kinds large number literature major managers means measure mechanical mechanical organizations meso micro morale multi-organization nization occupational occur orga organic model organizational forms organizations paradigm participation performance Perrow personnel perspective political-value power structure predict problem production professional proﬁt qualiﬁcations radical innovation rational-legal authority reﬂect relationship relative skill social speciﬁc standardized strategic decisions stratiﬁcation structural differentiation structural variables structural-functionalism task tend theory throughput tion values various Weber workers