Theories Of Comparative Political Economy
Theories of Comparative Political Economy builds on the proposition that the study of politics and economics has evolved into political economy in a number of significant ways, and that the new issues and ideas that became prominent in the 1980s and 1990s will carry on into the new millennium. The book is organized around six chapters. In the first chapter Chilcote examines significant comparative historical themes, various schools of thinking, divergent theories, and relevant monographic literature and sensitive case studies in comparative political economy. In subsequent chapters Chilcote explores the question of transitions from feudalism to capitalism and capitalism to socialism, theories of class, theories of the state, theories of imperialism, and capitalist and socialist development. In the final chapter Chilcote discusses democracy from the perspective of political economy, describing its representative, indirect, and bourgeois participatory forms. This book is a sequel to Chilcote's Theories of Comparative Politics (1981), which was substantially revised and published in a second edition in 1994.
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agrarian American analytical Marxism Antonio Gramsci approach argued authoritarian autonomous bourgeois bourgeoisie Bukharin capital accumulation capitalist capitalist development century class analysis class struggle classical colonial Comparative Politics concept conflict contemporary corporatism countries crisis critical critique debate democracy democratic dependency dominant economic elites emphasis Europe European evolved examined exploitation feudal finance capital focused formation forms Gramsci hegemony Hilferding historical ideas identified ideological individual industrial institutions interests labor Latin America Left Review Lenin liberal Luxemburg Marx Marx's Marxist theory means of production ment middle class mode of production modern monopoly capitalism Monthly Review neoliberal Nicos Poulantzas overview participatory Paul Sweezy peasant perspective pluralism political economy Political Science Poulantzas proletariat Ralph Miliband relations of production representative democracy revolution revolutionary role ruling class socialist suggested surplus Sweezy theoretical theory of imperialism Third World tion traditional underdevelopment University Press workers world system York
Page 53 - The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
Page 49 - Constant revolutionizing of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions, everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones. All fixed, fast-frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away, all new-formed ones become antiquated before they can ossify. All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, and man is at last compelled to face, with sober senses, his real conditions...
Page 139 - Between capitalist and communist society lies the period of the revolutionary transformation of the one into the other. There corresponds to this also a political transition period in which the state can be nothing but the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat.
Page 140 - The state is, therefore, by no means a power forced on society from without; just as little is it 'the reality of the ethical idea,' 'the image and reality of reason,' as Hegel maintains. Rather, it is a product of society at a certain stage of development; it is the admission that this society has become entangled in an insoluble contradiction with itself, that it is cleft into irreconcilable antagonisms which it is powerless to dispel. But in order that these antagonisms, classes with conflicting...
Page 57 - England has to fulfil a double mission in India: one destructive, the other regenerating — the annihilation of old Asiatic society, and the laying of the material foundations of Western society in Asia.
Page 224 - By dependence we mean a situation in which the economy of certain countries is conditioned by the development and expansion of another economy to which the former is subjected. The relation of interdependence between two or more economies, and between these and world trade, assumes the form of dependence when some countries (the dominant ones) can expand and...
Page 138 - The executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie.
Page 139 - It follows from this that all struggles within the State, the struggle between democracy, aristocracy and monarchy, the struggle for the franchise, etc., etc., are merely the illusory forms in which the real struggles of the different classes are fought out among one another...
Page 140 - The state is the product and the manifestation of the irreconcilability of class antagonisms. The state arises when, where and to the extent that class antagonisms cannot be objectively reconciled.