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SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
EQUnJBRIUM OF A SUBSTANCE IN DIFFERENT
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adiabatic amount of energy arbitrarily arbitrary assume atoms ature beam becomes black body radiation calculate characteristic function chemical classical theory co-ordinates coefficient condition configuration const corresponding definite temperature denotes density depends determined direction elementary system emitted entropy equal example expression external finite fluctuations follows frequency gaseous gases given heat conduction heat reservoir Hence homogeneous hydrogen ideal gas independent variables infinitely small initial integral intensity of radiation isothermal isothermal process kinds of moles liquid mass maximum means measure mechanical medium mixture molar weight molecules number of microscopic number of moles obtain occur perfectly definite phase phase-space pressure quantity question radiant energy ratio rays relation reservoir reversible reversible adiabatic process saturated second law solution solvent specific heat specific intensity statistical weight substance surface element theorem thermal thermodynamic equilibrium transformation velocity vibrations water vapour Wien's Displacement Law zero zero-point energy