In our society, the recognition of talent depends largely on idealized and entrenched perceptions of academic achievement and job performance. In Thinking Styles, psychologist Robert Sternberg argues that ability often goes unappreciated and uncultivated not because of lack of talent, but because of conflicting styles of thinking and learning. Using a variety of examples that range from scientific studies to personal anecdotes, Dr. Sternberg presents a theory of thinking styles that aims to explain why aptitude tests, school grades, and classroom performance often fail to identify real ability. He believes that criteria for intelligence in both school and the workplace are unfortunately based on the ability to conform rather than to learn. He takes this theory a step farther by stating that "achievement" can be a result of the compatability of personal and institutional thinking styles, and "failure" is too often a result of a conflict of thinking styles, rather than a lack of intelligence or aptitude. Dr. Sternberg presents his revolutionary ideas in a way that is accessible to any educated reader. This provocative book suggests a real change in how we measure achievement and will inspire educators, employers, and parents alike.
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abilities Adults Category Male anarchic assessment better bottom three categories career categories of scores Category Male Female child cognitive styles Cognitivism College Student Adults conservative style Cooperative learning creative different styles eight numbers evaluate your score example executive style executive suite external global grade groups High High High High High Middle High Middle Low ideas individual intelligence Jerome Kagan judicial style kinds lative legislative style levels Low Middle Low Low Very Low Lubart Male Female Top match mathematical proof measure mental self-government metaphor Middle Low Middle monarchic Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Nonstudent Adults number between 1.0 numbers you wrote organization person preferred styles priorities problems psychology reward situations six categories someone Sternberg-Wagner Self-Assessment Inventory Student Adults Category styles of thinking stylistic teacher teaching Tell-Tale Heart tend theories of styles theory of mental things Thinking Styles tion University of Vermont vary across tasks