Thomas Hobbes: Turning Point for Honor
Has modern Western society lost its sense of honor? If so, can we find the reason for this loss? Laurie Johnson Bagby turns to the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes for answers to these questions, finding in him the early modern 'turning point for honor.' She examines Hobbes's use of the word honor throughout his career and reveals in Hobbes's thought an evolving understanding of honor, at least in his analysis of politics and society. She also looks at Hobbes's life and times, especially the English Civil War, a cataclysmic event that solidified his rejection of honor as a socially and politically useful concept. Bagby analyzes key ideas in Hobbes's philosophy which shed further light on his conclusion that the desire for honor is dangerous and needs to be eliminated in favor of fear and self-interest. In the end, she questions whether the equality of fear in the state of nature is actually a better source of social and political obligation than honor. In rejecting any sense of obligation based upon earlier notions of natural superiors and inferiors, does Hobbesian and future liberal thought unnecessarily reject honor as a source of restraint in society that previously promoted protection of the weaker against the stronger?
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admiration Allen Chapman ambition ancient argument aristocratic Aristotle Aristotle’s authority Behemoth Bernard Gert C. B. Macpherson Catholic cause chapter character Charny chivalry Christian Cive civil society commonwealth conﬂict courage criticism Discourse on Tacitus dishonor Elements of Law English Civil English Civil War equality Essex fear Ferdinand Tonnies gender gentleman gentlemanly gentry Geoffroi de Charny glory Hobbes argues Hobbes’s Political Hobbes’s thought Hobbes’s view human idea of honor ideal individual inequality inﬂuence king king’s Kraynak laws of nature Leo Strauss Leviathan liberal lives Machiavelli male man’s manly medieval men’s Michael Oakeshott military monarchy moral obligation motivated nobility nobles obedience ofLaw one’s Parliament passions peace Political Philosophy Political Science Political Theory political thought Presbyterians Press pride qualities reason reﬂect sect self-interest sense Slomp social contract sovereign status superior Tacitus things Thomas Hobbes Thucydides tion understanding University valor violent death virtue wisdom women