Threatened Landscapes: Conserving Cultural Environments

Front Cover
Bryn Green, Willem Vos
Taylor & Francis, Sep 2, 2003 - Architecture - 184 pages
Few, if any, environments are free of human intervention. Often this generates ecosystems which are rich in biodiversity, historical interest, recreational opportunity and scenic beauty just as worthy of conservation as the more natural ecosystems on which protection programmes have been almost exclusively focussed.
These 'cultural landscapes', ranging from the farm and forest lands of Europe and Eastern North America, through to the pasture lands and savannas of the Middle East and Africa to the paddylands of the Pacific Rim, are usually the product of relatively low-level, sustainable exploitation of the environment over long periods of time. Many have survived for centuries, if not millennia, but now urban expansion, depopulation of rural areas and, most damagingly, the intensification of agricultural and sylvicultural practices, are everywhere leading to a loss of their cherished biodiversity and amenity. Whilst past changes have mostly added to the valued characteristics of these landscapes, modern farming and forestry are creating sterile monocultures on the better land whilst marginal lands are being abandoned.
This book documents these changes, illustrates them through detailed case studies of a representative selection of threatened landscapes, analyses their underlying causes and explores ways by which they can continue to be maintained, or new landscapes created which maintain their desired characteristics.
 

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Contents

Landscape development and change F H A Aalen The studyof landscapehistory
Ecological pattern and process at the landscape scale
An environmental classification of European landscapes
Landscapes worthy of protection
Japanese landscapes T Shigematsu and Y Yamamori
Bocage wooded farmland
Tasman Peninsula Tasmania
levels of intervention
The policytransition The socioholistic transition
Managing oldlandscapes and making new ones
References
Index
Copyright

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