Toward Effective Counseling and Psychotherapy: Training and Practice
The field of counseling and psychotherapy has for years presented the puzzling spectacle of unabating enthusiasm for forms of treatment whose effectiveness cannot be objectively demonstrated. With few exceptions, statistical studies have consistently failed to show that any form of psychotherapy is followed by significantly more improvement than would be caused by the mere passage of an equivalent period of time. Despite this, practitioners of various psychotherapeutic schools have remained firmly convinced that their methods are effective. Many recipients of these forms of treatment also believe that they are being helped.
The series of investigations reported in this impressive book resolve this paradoxical state of affairs. The investigators have overcome two major obstacles to progress in the past--lack of agreement on measures of improvement and difficulty of measuring active ingredients of the psychotherapy relationship. The inability of therapists of different theoretical persuasions to agree on criteria of improvement has made comparison of the results of different forms of treatment nearly impossible. The authors have solved this intractable problem by using a wide range of improvement measures and showing that, regardless of measures used in different studies, a significantly higher proportion of results favor their hypothesis than disregard it.
Overall, this book represented a major advance at the time of its original publication and is of continuing importance. The research findings resolve some of the most stubborn research problems in psychotherapy, and the training program based on them points the way toward overcoming the shortage of psychotherapists.
Charles B. Truax is, in addition to this book, author of Counseling and Psychotherapy: Process and Outcome, The Process of Group Psychotherapy: Relationships between Hypothesized Therapeutic Conditions and Intrapersonal Exploration, Toward a Tentative Measurement of the Central Therapeutic Ingredients, and Talking Won't Help: A Study of the Process and Outcome of Psychotherapy with Hospitalized Schizophrenics.
Robert R. Carkhuff is president of Human Technology Inc. and chairman of Carkhuff Institute of Human Technology. He is the author of The Possibilities Leader, The Possibilities Mind, and Beyond Counseling and Therapy.
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This is a chilling review of this classic text 49 years after publication in terms of empathic listening, compassion fatigue,vicarious traumatization and therapist suicides. Read Charles Truax's dialogue on pages 67, 175 and 295 with a suicidal client in light of Charle's latter suicide. Drs. Carkhuff, Figley and Perlman. Please review this. Thanks! Bill Sparks, Toronto Canada. firstname.lastname@example.org
CENTRAL THERAPEUTIC INGREDIENTS RESEARCH EVIDENCE
THE IMPLICATIONS OF LEARNING THEORY AND BEHAVIOR THERAPY FOR EFFECTIVE THERAPEUTIC ENCOUNTERS
THE FOCUS OF THE THERAPEUTIC ENCOUNTER THE PERSON BEING HELPED
TRAINING IN COUNSELING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY AN INTRODUCTION
TOWARD AN INTEGRATED DIDACTIC AND EXPERIENTIAL APPROACH TO TRAINING
TOWARD EFFECTIVE TRAINING A THEORETIC VIEW
EMPHATIC THERAPIST THE PERCEPTIVE AND COMMUNICATIVE ASPECTS
TOWARD THE COMMUNICATION OF NONPOSSESSIVE WARMTH IN THE THERAPIST
TOWARD AUTHENTICITY OR GENUINENESS
AN APPLICATION OF LEARNING FROM THE TRAINING PROGRAM TO GROUP COUNSELING
TOWARD THE MATURE THERAPIST AND COUNSELOR
ANCILLARY THERAPEUTIC INGREDIENTS
TOWARD GUIDELINES FOR THERAPIST GROWTH IN THE THERAPEUTIC ENCOUNTER
THE PRESENT APPROACH TO TRAINING AN OPERATIONAL AND EXPERIENTIAL OVERVIEW
THE QUASIGROUP THERAPY EXPERIENCE