Trace Gas Emissions by Plants
Academic Press, Dec 2, 2012 - Science - 365 pages
Many trace gases are exchanged between the atmosphere and the biosphere. Although much research has been published on the photosynthetic exchanges of carbon dioxide, oxygen, and water vapor, this book focuses on the importance of biogenic trace gases on atmosphere chemistry and ecosystem stability. Included are methane and its effect on the radiative properties of the atmosphere, hydrocarbons (isoprene and monoterpenes), and their role in the production of ozone and carbon monoxide. Also covered are sulfur and nitrogen gases, both of which can lead to ecosystem acidification. The biochemistry and physiology of production of these and other gases are investigated.
Plant physiologists, ecologists, and atmospheric chemists and modelers will benefit from this book.
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Chapter 2 Role of Plants in Regulating the Methane Flux to the Atmosphere
Chapter 3 Effects of Vegetation on Methane Flux Reservoirs and Carbon Isotopic Composition
Chapter 4 Factors Controlling the Emissions of Monoterpenes and Other Volatile Organic Compounds
Chapter 5 Plant Function and Biogenic Terpene Emission
Chapter 6 Isoprene EffectLightDependent Emission of Isoprene by Green Parts of Plants
Chapter 7 The Biochemistry of Isoprene Emission from Leaves during Photosynthesis
Chapter 8 Physiological Reality in Relation to Ecosystem and GlobalLevel Estimates of Isoprene Emission
Chapter 10 The Significance of Higher Plants in the Emission of Sulfur Compounds from Terrestrial Ecosystems
Chapter 11 Emission of Sulfur Compounds from Vegetation and GlobalScale Extrapolation
Chapter 12 Ammonia Emission from the Foliage of Growing Plants
Chapter 13 Canopy Control of Trace Gas Emissions
Chapter 14 Stomatal Control of Trace Gas Emissions
Summary and Discussion
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a-pinene acetyl CoA acid ammonia Atmos biochemical biogenic biogenic sulfur biosynthesis bubble C02 assimilation carbon cells CH4 emission Chanton chemical chloroplasts concentration Crutzen cycle cysteine Dacey diffusion ebullition ecosystems effects emission from plants emitted Environ environmental enzyme estimated ﬁeld Filner ﬁrst ﬂow ﬂux forest gas transport Geophys global gradient higher plants hydrocarbons increase inﬂuence isoprene emission isoprene emission rate isoprene synthesis isotopic leaf area leaves light metabolism methane methane emission methanogenic mevalonic acid molecules monoterpene monoterpene emissions Monson NH3 emission nitrogen organic oxidation oxygen ozone partial pressure pathway photorespiration photosynthesis plant canopy Plant Physiol processes production pyruvate Rasmussen reactions reduced release Rennenberg rhizosphere rice paddies roots rubisco Sanadze Sebacher sediments Sharkey signiﬁcant soil species stomatal stomatal conductance sulfate sulfur compounds sulfur cycle sulfur emissions temperature terpene Tingey tion trace gases troposphere turbulent vapor vegetation volatile sulfur wetlands