Trace Gas Emissions by Plants

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Academic Press, Dec 2, 2012 - Science - 365 pages
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Many trace gases are exchanged between the atmosphere and the biosphere. Although much research has been published on the photosynthetic exchanges of carbon dioxide, oxygen, and water vapor, this book focuses on the importance of biogenic trace gases on atmosphere chemistry and ecosystem stability. Included are methane and its effect on the radiative properties of the atmosphere, hydrocarbons (isoprene and monoterpenes), and their role in the production of ozone and carbon monoxide. Also covered are sulfur and nitrogen gases, both of which can lead to ecosystem acidification. The biochemistry and physiology of production of these and other gases are investigated.
Plant physiologists, ecologists, and atmospheric chemists and modelers will benefit from this book.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 The Fate of Biogenic Trace Gases in the Atmosphere
1
Chapter 2 Role of Plants in Regulating the Methane Flux to the Atmosphere
29
Chapter 3 Effects of Vegetation on Methane Flux Reservoirs and Carbon Isotopic Composition
65
Chapter 4 Factors Controlling the Emissions of Monoterpenes and Other Volatile Organic Compounds
93
Chapter 5 Plant Function and Biogenic Terpene Emission
121
Chapter 6 Isoprene EffectLightDependent Emission of Isoprene by Green Parts of Plants
135
Chapter 7 The Biochemistry of Isoprene Emission from Leaves during Photosynthesis
153
Chapter 8 Physiological Reality in Relation to Ecosystem and GlobalLevel Estimates of Isoprene Emission
185
Chapter 10 The Significance of Higher Plants in the Emission of Sulfur Compounds from Terrestrial Ecosystems
217
Chapter 11 Emission of Sulfur Compounds from Vegetation and GlobalScale Extrapolation
261
Chapter 12 Ammonia Emission from the Foliage of Growing Plants
267
Chapter 13 Canopy Control of Trace Gas Emissions
293
Chapter 14 Stomatal Control of Trace Gas Emissions
335
A Summary
341
Subject Index
347
Physiological Ecology
366

Summary and Discussion
209

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