Traces on the Rhodian Shore: Nature and Culture in Western Thought from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century

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University of California Press, Aug 24, 1976 - History - 763 pages
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In the history of Western thought, men have persistently asked three questions concerning the habitable earth and their relationships to it. Is the earth, which is obviously a fit environment for man and other organic life, a purposefully made creation? Have its climates, its relief, the configuration of its continents influenced the moral and social nature of individuals, and have they had an influence in molding the character and nature of human culture? In his long tenure of the earth, in what manner has man changed it from its hypothetical pristine condition? From the time of the Greeks to our own, answers to these questions have been and are being given so frequently and so continually that we may restate them in the form of general ideas: the idea of a designed earth; the idea of environmental influence; and the idea of man as a geographic agent. These ideas have come from the general thought and experience of men, but the first owes much to mythology, theology, and philosophy; the second, to pharmaceutical lore, medicine, and weather observation; the third, to the plans, activities, and skills of everyday life such as cultivation, carpentry, and weaving. The first two ideas were expressed frequently in antiquity, the third less so, although it was implicit in many discussions which recognized the obvious fact that men through their arts, sciences, and techniques had changed the physical environment about them. This magnum opus of Clarence Glacken explores all of these questions from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century.
 

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Traces the history of man's domination of nature. Like Lynn White, a fundamental text for an ecological orientation toward history, literature and art.

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Meant to be one of the great books, with a lifetime's knowledge showing through in every page. Read full review

Contents

INTRODUCTORY ESSAY
3
tudes Toward Nature
18
ORDER AND PURPOSE IN THE COSMOS AND ON EARTH
35
of Nature 39 3 Xenophon on Design 42 4 The Artisanship of
74
AIRS WATERS PLACES
80
Treatise Airs Waters Places 82 3 Herodotus Interest in Custom
91
in Selected Roman Writings 100 7 Strabos Eclecticism 103 8 Vitru
114
GOD MAN AND NATURE IN JUDEOCHRISTIAN
150
THE EARTH AS A HABITABLE PLANET
375
ENVIRONMENTAL THEORIES OF EARLY MODERN TIMES
429
GROWING CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE CONTROL OF NATURE
461
INTRODUCTORY ESSAY
504
CLIMATE THE MOEURS RELIGION AND GOVERNMENT
551
ENVIRONMENT POPULATION AND
623
tions 62s 3 Progress and the Limitations of the Environment
632
THE EPOCH OF MAN IN THE HISTORY OF NATURE
655

INTRODUCTORY ESSAY
171
ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES WITHIN A DIVINELY
254
INTERPRETING PIETY AND ACTIVITY AND THEIR
288
INTRODUCTORY ESSAY
355
CONCLUSION
706
BIBLIOGRAPHY
715
INDEX
749
Copyright

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About the author (1976)

Clarence James Glacken (1909 - August 20, 1989) was Professor of Geography at the University of California, Berkeley.

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