Tradition and Innovation in French Garden Art: Chapters of a New History

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John Dixon Hunt, Michel Conan, Former Director of Garden and Landscape Studies Michel Conan, Claire Goldstein
University of Pennsylvania Press, May 27, 2002 - Architecture - 242 pages

In the absence of any modern history of French garden art, this volume offers twelve chapters that review some of the most interesting and innovative moments of French garden history. This series of studies traces a progression from what is taken as the golden age of French garden art, in the late seventeenth century, up to the present, when a renaissance of French design theory and practice is clearly visible.

By exploring the contributions of such important designers as Jean-Marie Morel and Claude-Henri Watelet, these essays argue for a tradition that includes, but is by no means exclusively influenced by, Andre Le Notre, long considered the dominant figure in French garden history. Even a glance at the wealth of garden theory and practice during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries must call into question the conventional neglect of post-Le Notrean work. Each author reads a significant moment of garden art in relation to a whole cluster of cultural concerns, which change with the time and place of the garden discussed; overall, this has meant invoking town planning, engineering, optics, scientific and philosophic movements, bourgeois ethics, foreign imports, vernacular workings of the land, the rise of professional landscape practice, even the modernist refusal to recognize the garden itself as the prime site of intervention in the landscape.

 

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Contents

8 JeanMarie Morel and the Invention
vii
z Engineering and French Formal Gardens
22
Jules Hardoum Mansart and Andre Le Nostre George Dodds
44
Public Gardens
68
Rural Tradition and Landscape
82
Francesco Bettini and the Pedagogy of Garden
93
Mereville
121
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About the author (2002)

John Dixon Hunt is Professor of Landscape Architecture, University of Pennsylvania. His books include Greater Perfections and Garden and Grove, both available from the University of Pennsylvania Press. Michel Conan is Director of Studies in Landscape Architecture at Dunbarton Oaks. Claire Goldstein teaches French and Italian at Miami University of Ohio.

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