Trafalgar

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Ediciones AKAL, Apr 28, 2004 - Fiction - 272 pages
Trafalgar se erige como preámbulo a la magna obra galdosiana de los Episodios Nacionales. Nuestro autor inaugura (o al menos reinventa) un subgénero literario gracias al cual la narrativa hispánica del siglo XIX entre, de pleno derecho, en la historia de la literatura europea. Sin embargo, su principal virtud no reside en este hecho. La necesidad de plasmar con rigor histórico acontecimientos fundamentales para nuestro país, como los que narra esta novela, se constituirá en el eje vertebrador de la serie de relatos del autor canario. Pero no se trata de un simple manual histórico: la materialización en el papel de distintos sucesos servirá para la reflexión y la comprensión de la situación política y social del momento, así como para plantear cuestiones plenamente universales y vigentes, como la validez de la guerra, el sentimiento patriótico o la diferencia de clases. El texto se acompaña de una amplio aparato de notas de orden léxico y de orientación a la lectura, y está precedido de una introducción sobre el marco histórico y literario en que fue escrito. El volumen se completa con un variado conjunto de actividades, así como con un cuaderno-guía del profesorado.
 

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Contents

La España de Galdós
9
Trafalgar primer Episodio Nacional
29
Bibliografía
45
Capítulo 3
65
Capítulo 4
71
Capítulo 5
87
Capítulo 6
97
Capítulo 7
107
Capítulo 11
153
Capítulo 12
167
Capítulo 13
183
Capítulo 14
197
Capítulo 15
209
Capítulo 16
227
Capítulo 17
237
Actividades
249

Capítulo 8
115
Capítulo 9
131
Capítulo 10
143
Textos complementarios
257
Comentario de texto
263
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Perez Galdos was Spain's outstanding nineteenth-century novelist. At a time when most Spanish novelists were limited by their regional backgrounds, Galdos possessed the intellect and vision to embrace the Spanish people as a nation. In 1873 he began the Episodios nacionales (National Episodes), a 46--volume series of historical novels in which he was concerned less with details and facts of history than with their impact on the lives of ordinary people. His works are sometimes divided into two periods: novels of the first period and contemporary Spanish novels. His early novels, Dona Perfecta (1876), Gloria (1877), Marianela (1878), and The Family of Leon Roch (1879), may be characterized as realistic with touches of romanticism. The novels are united by common characters and themes in the manner of Balzac's Human Comedy. Dona Perfecta is a denunciation of intolerance. Marianela explores the irony and tragedy of the destruction of love by scientific progress. Fortunata and Jacinta (1886-87), a four-volume masterpiece of the second period, contrasts two women - Jacinta, wife of the wealthy middle-class Juanito Santa Cruz, and Fortunata, his mistress. Both are admirable characters, but it is Fortunata who bears a son, demonstrating the vitality of the lower classes. The character of Maxi reveals Galdos's interest in mental illness and his naturalistic strain. Born and educated in the Canary Islands, Perez Galdos studied law briefly and spent most of his adult life in Madrid. His study of lower-class Spanish life and his attempts to improve it led him to the advocacy of more equal distribution of wealth and outspoken opposition to the Catholic church. While always popular with the people, he fared less well in literary circles. In 1889 he sought admission to the Royal Academy, an honor he was refused until 1897, and the Nobel Prize went to a contemporary, Jose Echegaray, a writer of considerably less talent. Galdos died poor and blind. Although the government refused him a state funeral, the entire Spanish nation mourned him. English translations of his novels now out of print are The Disinherited Lady (1881), Miau (1888), Compassion (1897), and Tristana.

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