Transboundary Watersheds: Political Obstacles to Basin-wide Cooperation Between States
This paper is a global analysis of the cooperation between sovereign states over the utilization of freshwater within international river basins, or transboundary watersheds. Shared watersheds typically require some form of coordination between upstream, downstream, or border-stream states, whether by tradition, courtesy, or formal agreement. Otherwise, freshwater usage in the basin could result in unequal allocation, inefficiency, over-consumption, environmental degradation, and a potential source of conflict between states. This study will look at the political roadblocks to achieving transboundary cooperation over a basic transnational public good, drawing from the theories of collective action, polycentric systems, international water law, and regional diffusion. This will be done through a three-tier examination with respect to state-level political obstacles, the influence of international norms and standards, and the effects of regional homogeneity.--[Source inconnue].
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