Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective
Cambridge University Press, Jan 20, 2003 - Political Science - 290 pages
Why did some Latin American labor-based parties adapt successfully to the contemporary challenges of neoliberalism and working class decline while others did not? Drawing on a detailed study of the Argentine Peronism, as well as a broader comparative analysis, this book develops an organizational approach to party change. Levitsky's study breaks new ground in its focus on informal and weakly institutionalized party structures. It argues that loosely structured party organizations, such as those found in many populist labor-based parties, are often better equipped to adapt to rapid environmental change than are more bureaucratic labor-based parties. The argument is illustrated in the case of Peronism, a mass labor-based party with a highly fluid internal structure. The book shows how this weakly routinized structure allowed party reformers to undertake a set of far-reached coalitional and programmatic changes that enabled Peronism to survive, and even thrive, in the neoliberal era.
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According activists activity adaptation agrupaciones America Argentine Author's interview base units bodies branches Buenos Aires bureaucracy called candidate capacity Carlos central challenge Chamber of Deputies Chapter Clarin coalition congress continued Córdoba created crisis critical decline democratic economic efforts elections electoral emerged established example factions failed Federal Capital formal government's governors Greater Buenos Aires important industrial internal José July June labor labor movement labor-based parties largely Latin legislative limited linkages lower-class machine maintain major March mass Matanza Menem movement National Council neighborhood neoliberal November October organizational organizations participation party leaders party leadership party's percent period Perón Peronism Peronist PJ's policies political positions president provincial punteros reforms remained Renovation result routinized rules Second sector September social stable strategies structure substantial success survey tend traditional union leaders urban viewed vote voters workers