Transgenic Crops VI

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Eng Chong Pua, Michael R. Davey
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 7, 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 442 pages
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Genetic engineering is a powerful tool for crop improvement. The status of crop biotechnology before 2001 was reviewed in Transgenic Crops I-III, but recent advances in plant cell and molecular biology have prompted the need for new volumes. Following Transgenic Crops IV (2007) on cereals, vegetables, root crops, herbs, and spices, and Transgenic Crops V (2007) on fruits, trees, and beverage crops, this volume, Transgenic Crops VI, contains the following sections: Oils and Fibers, Medicinal Crops, Ornamental Crops, Forages and Grains, Regulatory and Intellectual Property of Genetically Manipulated Plants. It is an invaluable reference for plant breeders, researchers and graduate students in the fields of plant biotechnology, agronomy, horticulture, forestry, genetics, and both plant cell and molecular biology.

 

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Contents

7 Novel Developments and Future Challenges
200
References
201
II4 Taxus
205
2 Biosynthesis of Taxol
207
3 In Vitro Culture
209
4 Conclusions and Prospects
220
References
221
III1 Roses
225

5 Transformation of Canola
31
6 Transgenic Traits
32
7 Impact of Transgenic Plants
34
I3 Sunflower
39
2 Tissue Culture and Transformation
40
3 Genomics and Molecular Biology
42
4 Transgenic Improved Input Agronomic Traits
45
5 Transgenic Output Quality Traits
48
6 Gene Flow and Biosafety
50
References
51
I4 Oil Palm
59
3 The Impact of Biotechnology in Breeding Strategies
61
4 Advances in Tissue Culture
66
5 Genetic Transformation Technologies
70
6 Transgenic Plants for Oil Palm Improvement
71
7 Conclusion and Perspectives
74
References
75
I5 Peanut
81
3 Peanut Transformation
90
4 Conclusions
99
I6 Cotton
106
3 Modification of Cotton via Genetic Transformation
108
5 Alternative Methods Used to Transform Cotton
118
6 Selectable Marker Genes Used for Generating Transgenic Cotton
119
8 Traits Introduced into Cotton Through Genetic Transformation
120
9 New Technological Advances and Their Role in Cotton Improvement
122
10 Future Perspective
123
References
124
I7 Flax
129
3 Somatic Embryogenesis
131
4 Protoplast and Cell Suspension Cultures
134
5 Anther Microspore and Ovary Cultures
135
6 Gene Transfer in Flax
136
7 Potential Applications of Transgenic Flax
137
8 Molecular Markers
138
References
139
II1 Ginseng
149
2 Cell Culture of P ginseng
150
3 Hairy Root Culture of P ginseng
152
4 Adventitious Root Culture in P ginseng
153
5 Plant Regeneration of P ginseng via Organogenesis and Somatic Embryogenesis
155
6 Genetic Transformation and Metabolic Engineering
158
7 Genomics in P ginseng
161
8 Concluding Remarks
163
References
164
II2 Opium Poppy
169
2 Origins and History
170
3 Modern Cultivation
171
4 Classic Breeding
177
5 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
178
6 Biotechnology
181
7 Future Prospects
184
References
185
3 Economic Importance of Tropane AlkaloidContaining Crops
192
4 Tropane Alkaloid Biosynthetic Pathway
193
5 Current Research and Development in Transgenic Technology
195
6 Use of Hairy Root Cultures for Tropane Alkaloid Production
198
3 Cloning and Characterization of Genes of Economic Value
230
4 Advances in Genetic Transformation and Recovery of Transgenic Plants
232
5 Conclusions
235
References
236
III2 Carnation
241
2 Recent Developments in Carnation Biotechnology
242
3 Conclusions
250
III3 Chrysanthemum
253
2 Chrysanthemum Transformation
255
3 Future Outlook
268
References
269
III4 Orchids
273
2 Genetic Transformation of Orchids
274
3 Potential Genes for Genetic Engineering of Orchids
284
References
286
III5 Gladiolus
289
3 Genetic Transformation
291
4 Promoters and Gene Expression
292
5 Resistance to Bean Yellow Mosaic Virus
294
6 Resistance to Cucumber Mosaic Virus
295
References
296
III6 Forsythia
299
2 Genetic Resources and Breeding Programs
305
3 In Vitro Culture
307
4 Forsythia Biotechnology Research
310
5 Conclusions
316
IV1 Alfalfa
320
2 Breeding
322
3 Genomics
323
5 Conclusions
331
IV2 Clover
337
2 Improvement of Forage Quality by Modification of Secondary Metabolism
338
3 Improvement of Tolerance to Abiotic and Biotic Stresses
342
4 Functional Genomics and Metabolomics as Key Technologies for Characterisation and Modification of Natural Product Biosynthesis
345
5 Conclusions Challenges and Future Developments
347
References
349
IV3 Tall Fescue
357
2 Economic Importance
358
3 Current Research and Development
359
4 Practical Applications of Transgenic Plants
364
5 Conclusions and Future Challenges
367
References
368
IV4 Ryegrasses
373
3 Current Research and Development
374
4 Practical Applications of Transgenic Plants
380
5 Conclusions and Future Challenges
386
References
387
2 Genetic Transformation of Lupins
399
3 Lupin Improvement Through Biotechnology
402
References
407
Regulatory and Intellectual Property Issues
411
2 Intellectual Property
412
3 Regulatory Approval
419
4 Conclusion
428
Index
430
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Page xv - Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel William J.
Page 370 - Lapierre, C. , Myton, K. , O'Connell, A. , Schuch, W. , Grima-Pettenati, J., Boudet, AM (1998) Down-regulation of cinnamoyl-CoA reductase induces significant changes of lignin profiles in transgenic tobacco plants, Plant].