Transhumant Grazing Systems in Temperate Asia
Food & Agriculture Org., 2003 - Business & Economics - 330 pages
This book brings together studies by national scientists on traditional transhumant grazing systems, emphasizing grazing management and overall land use. Focus is on two zones in temperate Asia: the Himalaya-Hindu Kush and the colder areas of China, Mongolia and parts of Central Asia. Under prevailing conditions, mobile herding is the only sustainable way the population can make best use of the natural resources, but systems were dislocated by collectivization. In the Himalaya there is conflict between herders and sedentary groups. While poor pasture condition is a major constraint, the main problems are socio-economic and institutional and relate to land tenure and grazing rights. Fodder crops are, however, of great interest for settled groups who use the same pastures. Focus on technical solutions, herder training and participatory approaches should be within the context of political decisions.--Publisher's description.
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agricultural alpine pastures Altai animals annual Artemisia autumn average Bhutan breeds camels cattle chauris China climate cold crop cultivars degradation desert Dzongkhag feed Festuca flocks fodder forage forest Gaddis Gittidas goats grass grassland graziers grazing areas grazing land grazing rights groups Gujars haymaking herders herding Himalaya horses households Ice irrig improved increased Inner Mongolia Kaghan Valley kg/ha Leymus livestock livestock production lowlands lucerne major meadow meat and milk migration milk production Mongolia mountain move movements natural pasture negdel Nepal nomads offtake overgrazing Pakistan pasture percent plants Plate Plateau population production systems Qinghai Rinchinlkumbe routes seed semi-arid sheep shrubs snow soil species spring steppe stock numbers subalpine summer pastures TABLE Temperate temperature Tibet Tibet Autonomous Region tion traditional transhumance transhumant systems tsadrog Turgen types Urumqi vegetation winter camps winter grazing winter pasture Xinjiang yield zone