Transition from operation to decommissioning of nuclear installations
International Atomic Energy Agency, 2004 - Technology & Engineering - 221 pages
The transition period between operation of an installation and the implementation of the decommissioning strategy is a critical one. In this period, a number of modifications, both technical and organizational, are needed to adjust a plant to meet new objectives and requirements. It is essential that detailed planning for decommissioning begin in good time during plant operation and that preparatory actions for the implementation of the decommissioning strategy be initiated immediately after permanent shutdown. This ensures a gradual transition and minimizes uncontrolled loss of resources. The purpose of this report is to highlight technical, management and organizational issues during the transition period, to provide guidance to minimize delays and undue costs, to optimize personnel and other resources, and to initiate preparatory activities for decommissioning in a planned, timely and cost-effective manner.
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ISSUES HINDERING TIMELY DECOMMISSIONING
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AEA Technology assessment ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY Barseback Barseback Kraft buildings Caorso Caorso NPP carried characterization CODEM Cogema components condition contamination contractors cost decom decommis decommissioning activities decommissioning licence decommissioning of nuclear decommissioning plan decommissioning project decommissioning strategy decontamination defuelling demolition disposal documents Dodewaard electricity ensure environmental equipment final shutdown fission product fuel elements fuel removal hazards heavy water IAEA implementation INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY ionizing radiation issues Jason Jason reactor licensee Marcoule missioning modifications monitoring needed nuclear facilities nuclear installations Nuclear Power nuclear safety operating licence operating organization operation to decommissioning personnel post-operational phase procedures programme project management radiation protection radioactive waste radiological reactor hall reduced regulatory research reactor Safe enclosure safety report shield sioning Slovakia specific staff storage facility surveillance and maintenance Swedish Sydkraft tank technical transfer transition from operation transition period Trino Trino NPP tritium Unifetch V-l NPP Vandellos Vattenfall waste management