Transport Institutions and Politics in the UK and Germany: Who Matters in Making Transport Policy Decisions?
GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 36 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2002 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 2,0 (B), Aston University (School of Applied Science), course: Transport Institutions and Politics, 9 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The main aspect of this work is a report on who matters in making decisions on transport projects and policies. The roles of both individuals and groups involved in the decision making process on transport projects and transport policies will be examined. In this context, transport projects are for example new infrastructure projects, whereas transport policies refer to the regulation and pricing of transport. First, the British system of decision making in transport is described, followed by a brief description of the German system and a comparison of both systems. Then the influence of pressure groups is examined and some examples of successful pressure group interference are presented. Two case studies examine the decision making process in practice and illustrate the variety of involved parties. Finally, some major conclusions are drawn, reflecting the author's personal opinion.
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the METRORAPID project in Germany
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actual influence affect transport decisions British two-tier Building and maintaining Comp companies like Deutsche consortium decision-making process decisions on transport delegates maintenance Department for Transport Deutsche Bahn Deutsche Bahn AG environmentalist envisaged eral ernment especially European Union exert substantial power federal government federal state authorities federal state government federal state level federal trunk roads financing German three-tier system German transport policy Glaister Green party Greenpeace GRIN Verlag heavy goods vehicles important player influ influence of pressure infrastructure projects Institutions and Politics interest and pressure interest groups involved parties level authorities level responsibilities lobby groups Lower-Saxony magnetic levitation hovertrain ment METRORAPID project motorways and trunk national roads Nordrhein-Westfalen policy in Britain public inquiries role Secretary single hull tankers stringent legislation sure groups take legal action ThyssenKrupp and Siemens Today’s toll for heavy toll system trade unions Trans European Networks Transport Institutions transport policy decisions transport policy system www.mw.niedersachsen.de/home