Treatment for Children with Selective Mutism: An Integrative Behavioral Approach

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OUP USA, Jan 10, 2013 - Medical - 137 pages
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Selective Mutism (SM) is an impairing behavioral condition in which a child fails to speak in certain social situations despite speaking regularly and normally in other situations. SM presents a significant mental and public health problem due to impact on the social, emotional, and academic functioning of young children at a critical point in their development. SM is closely related to childhood social phobia, but it cannot be treated in the same way because of the young age of the children affected, their lack of speech in the treatment setting, and the need for significant school involvement in treatment. Treatment for Children with Selective Mutism outlines the sequence and essential elements to guide clinicians through a comprehensive, integrated program for young children who display symptoms of SM. This approach utilizes behavioral interventions targeting gradual increases in speaking across settings in which the child initially has difficulty. The integrated nature of the therapy refers to the goal of incorporating input from the clinician with that from the parents and teacher, as well as others impacted by the lack of speech. Exposure exercises are based on behavioral techniques such as stimulus fading, shaping, and systematic desensitization that also allow for a less intense or gradual exposure to the speaking situation. These techniques are combined and used flexibly with a behavioral reward system for participation in treatment. The approach was developed by Dr. R. Lindsey Bergman as part of the UCLA Childhood OCD, Anxiety, and Tic Disorders Program. The treatment protocol consists of 20 sessions, 60 minutes each, delivered over the course of 24 weeks. Treatment for Children with Selective Mutism is an invaluable guide for mental health professionals who deliver CBT-based treatment to children and want to help those with SM.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introductory Information for Therapists
1
Chapter 2 Pretreatment Assessment and Psychoeducation ParentOnly Session
17
Introduction to Treatment and Rapport Building
29
Rapport Building Reward System Feelings Chart
35
Class Chart Talking Ladder Exposure Practice
47
Initial Exposure Sessions
61
Treatment Midpoint Session
67
Intermediate Exposure Sessions
73
Continued Exposure and Transfer of ControlReview of Progress
87
Relapse Prevention and Graduation
91
Chapter 13 Additional Treatment Considerations
97
Suggested Exposure Exercises
103
Pretreatment Materials
107
Treatment Forms
117
References
133
About the Author
137

Continued Exposure and Introduction of Transfer of Control
77
Continued Exposure With Additional Focus on Transfer of Control
81

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About the author (2013)


R. Lindsey Bergman, Ph.D., is Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Associate Director of the UCLA Child OCD and Anxiety Program, and Director of the Pediatric OCD Intensive Outpatient Program at UCLA. Dr. Bergman specializes in cognitive behavioral treatment for children with selective mutism, OCD, and related disorders. Dr. Bergman has received several research awards to study the treatment of childhood anxiety, including an NIH grant to develop the treatment manual for selective mutism.

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