Treatment of Indians by the Criminal Justice System

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DIANE Publishing, 1993 - 51 pages
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Page 19 - A Study of the Administration of Bail in New York City,
Page 37 - Foremost in any program's receptivity by the community it hopes to serve is a perception of a strong commitment and support from the top officials within the organization. The development of good community relations is not a spontaneous event but a process that requires considerable planning and creativity. Indian participation within the system should be actively sought. While relations in Halifax County appear to be good, further steps need to be taken to ensure that they remain so. The hiring...
Page 14 - However, the method used by sheriffs' departments to determine the race of persons arrested may differ. In 1983, the North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs mailed a questionnaire to 73 law enforcement agencies in North Carolina. The agencies were asked how they determine race for individuals arrested. The majority of the agencies responded that race was determined either by identification issued by the state (such as a driver's license or a birth certificate...
Page 19 - ... that a sentence will be served. The data gathered on the number of persons jailed of those arrested revealed that, for the 1985 calendar year, the percentage of non-whites jailed was greater than the percentage of whites. This was true for all 10 counties with the exception of Hoke and Scotland. (This is due somewhat to the fact that the white population in Hoke and Scotland is smaller than the non-white population. ) It cannot be concluded from the data obtained that...
Page 27 - That attorney may be better able to find some tangible good which can be posited to the court on the defendant's behalf. Although there are still more minorities imprisoned than whites, since the enactment of the FSA, the average actual time that these minorities spend in prison is shorter than that of their white counterparts . A major alternative to sentencing a convicted defendant to an active prison term is to sentence him to a term of supervised probation.
Page 49 - Indians are tremendously underrepresented as professionals in the criminal justice system. During the interviews in Halifax, Cumberland and Robeson counties, it was recommended that more Indians be employed in all jobs and at all levels within the criminal justice system. For instance, there are no Indian sheriffs, district attorneys or judges in North Carolina. American Indians who are employed are in subordinate roles, for example, deputy sheriff or jailer. Therefore, the committee makes the following...
Page 15 - According to data, a greater percentage of Indians than whites in the resident county population, ages 15-44, of selected counties were arrested for Part I offenses during the 1985 calendar year. Minorities of this age group have the greater probability of arrest. Part I offenses are the more severe offenses, such as murder, manslaughter, larceny, aggravated assault and robbery. These offenses are less likely to be committed by transients.
Page 34 - Indian groups that can fora good working relationships with criminal Justice officials. They felt that individual contacts were harder to make and were less effective. One Indian leader felt that the prejudice which existed in the criminal justice system was mostly Individual, not institutional. He felt the only way that would ever change was by having parents not teach prejudice to their children. Halifax County Members of the committee interviewed 14 people in Halifax County including eight leaders...
Page 63 - Do you think the court-appointed attorney system needs to be improved? If so, in what ways can it be improved? 12. (Cumberland only) How would you assess the performance of the public defender and the assistant public defenders in this district? a. Do you think the district benefits from having a public defender? b. Do you think the Indian community, in particular, benefits from having a public defender? Explain. c. Do you think this district should continue to have a public defender? d. Do you think...
Page 14 - ... questionnaire to 73 law enforcement agencies in North Carolina. The agencies were asked how they determine race for individuals arrested. The majority of the agencies responded that race was determined either by identification issued by the state (such as a driver's license or a birth certificate) or self-identification. In other instances, however, the arresting officer may rely on his/her own judgment. Consideration should also be given to the manner in which the number of arrests and type...

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