Tuna: Physiology, Ecology, and Evolution

Front Cover
Barbara A. Block, Ernest Donald Stevens
Gulf Professional Publishing, 2001 - Nature - 468 pages
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This book is a multidisciplinary volume that overviews the most recent literature covering the physiology, biomechanics, evolution, and ecology of tunas. It examines critical areas of molecular and organismal physiology, phylogeny, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Recently developed techniques for electronic tagging of fish are presented. The book covers all aspects of tuna biology, from metabolism and cardiovascular research to reproductive biology.

* Contains a comprehensive review of tuna biology
* Provides a synthesis of archival and pop-up satellite tag technology in tunas
* Covers the phylogenetics of modern tunas
* Includes color plates on morphology, physiology, ecology, and oceanography
 

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Contents

Systematics of the Tunas and Mackerels scombridae
1
Molecular Systematics
18
HI Conclusions
28
Tuna Metabolism and Energetics
35
Discussion and Conclusions
65
The Cardiovascular System of Tunas
79
Anatomical and Physiological Specializations
121
A History of Discovery and the Development of Ideas about Tuna Endothermy
134
Altringham and Robert E Shadwick I Introduction
314
External Body Form
315
Swimming Kinematics and Hydrodynamics
317
Muscle Structure and Physiology
322
Endothermy
326
Slow Muscle and Sustained Swimming Performance
328
Muscle Function during Swimming
329
Forces Generated by the Muscle
334

Recent Laboratory Studies of Tuna Endothermy
141
Summary Conclusions and Future Directions for Laboratory Studies
158
Advances in Acoustic Archival and Satellite Tagging
167
Archival Tags
178
PopUp Satellite Tags
202
The Future of Acoustic Archival and PopUp Tagging
215
Reproductive Biology of Tunas
225
Maturation
232
Spawning Frequency
245
Sex Ratios
253
Muscle Tendon and Bone
271
Mark W Westneat and Stephen A Wainwright I Introduction
272
External Morphology
274
Myomeres and Myosepta
277
Red Muscle Morphology
280
Main Horizontal Septum
282
Tendon Linkages in the Horizontal Septum
287
Principles of Hydrostatic Pressure
290
Mechanical Design of the Caudal Fin Muscles and Tendons
294
The Backbone and Vertical Septum
302
Summary and Future Research
306
References
308
Swimming and Muscle Function
313
Do Caudal Tendons Function as Springs?
335
The Uncoupling of Slow Muscle Strain from Body Bending
336
Variations within Scombrids
338
Directions for Future Research
339
References
341
Tuna OceanographyAn Applied Science Gary D Sharp I Introduction
345
Historical Tuna Fisheries and Related Oceanography
348
Physics Fisheries and Dynamic Perspectives
351
A Brief Review of High Seas Tuna Fisheries Development Patterns
358
Habits and Habitats of Tunas
372
Coordinated Empirical Studies of Tuna Behavior and Abundance within Ocean Gradients
376
Tuna School and Dynamic Interactions
380
The Importance of Studying Individual Fish Behavior
381
Tunas in Captivity
391
Aquarium Displays of Tunas and Related Species
399
Future Efforts
410
Synopsis of Current Management Regimes
417
Major TunasStatus and Trends
423
Bycatch in Tuna fisheries
435
Summary Conclusion and Emerging Trends
455
INDEX
461
OTHER VOLUMES IN THE SERIES
467
Copyright

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