Twelve Examples of Illusion
Tibetan Buddhist writings frequently state that many of the things we perceive in the world are in fact illusory, as illusory as echoes or mirages. In Twelve Examples of Illusion, Jan Westerhoff offers an engaging look at a dozen illusions--including magic tricks, dreams, rainbows, and reflections in a mirror--showing how these phenomena can give us insight into reality. For instance, he offers a fascinating discussion of optical illusions, such as the wheel of fire (the "wheel" seen when a torch is swung rapidly in a circle), discussing Tibetan explanations of this phenomenon as well as the findings of modern psychology, and significantly clarifying the idea that most phenomena--from chairs to trees--are similar illusions. The book uses a variety of crystal-clear examples drawn from a wide variety of fields, including contemporary philosophy and cognitive science, as well as the history of science, optics, artificial intelligence, geometry, economics, and literary theory. Throughout, Westerhoff makes both Buddhist philosophical ideas and the latest theories of mind and brain come alive for the general reader.
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Abhidharma afterimage appears argue Art/Art Resource assume atoms ball bell body bowl brain Buddha called Candrakīrti cause circle of fire city of Gandharvas cognitive conception consciousness crater cube discussion dragon echo examples of illusion existence experience explain eyes fact fictional objects floaters Gandharvas happens hidden lands hole horizon human hundred milliseconds illusory Indian intentional stance interesting Jan Westerhoff light rays located look lucid dreaming magic mango mind mirage mirror image mirror space moon illusion move Museum of Art/Art Nāropa observe one’s ordinary objects pain patient perceive perception Perfection of Wisdom phantom limb phenomena phenomenon Photograph piece pleasure projection rainbow rainbow body realize reflection regarded retina Rubin Museum seen sequence Shambhala Sherlock Holmes skin stimulus sound spot substance suffering superimposition temporal theory things Thomas Metzinger Tibet Tibetan translation trick Tsangpa Gyare tulpa twelve examples Vasubandhu waking Yogācāra York