The USA Patriot Act of 2001: Balancing Civil Liberties and National Security : a Reference Handbook

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Within weeks of the September 11 terrorist attacks, overwhelming majorities in both houses of Congress passed the USA Patriot Act. The act immediately aroused bitter controversy. Some claim it impermissibly infringes on constitutional rights; others argue it is a necessary tool to ensure the security of the American homeland.

Distinguished scholar and prolific author Howard Ball provides the background necessary for a reasoned, historical examination of both positions. He details the threats to America in the last 60 years, emphasizing terrorist acts; examines the temporary surrender of civil rights during past American wars; and uses that history to analyze the USA Patriot Act, both as it exists and as arguments rage over whether to strengthen or weaken the law.

 

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A book well written about an historical event of a profound magnitude. Future generations may benefit from the book extensively.

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Contents

Terrorist Actions against Americans and Governmental Efforts to Protect National Security Before September 11 2001
1
Some Major Incidents in American History
7
The Declaration of a Holy War against the Great Satan by Al Qaeda 1980spresent
9
US Governmental Efforts to Protect National Security Prior to September 11 2001
13
Congressional Hearings and Legislation up to 911
14
Executive Orders and Presidential Decision Directives
18
DocumentsReports
21
DepartmentAgency Actions
28
Viet Dinh
138
Patrick Leahy
139
Tom Ridge
140
Ramzi Yousef
141
Islamic Jihad
142
Governmental Actions in Response to Threats War and Terrorism
143
Alien Registration Act 1940 Smith Act
144
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Act 1996
145

September 11 2001 and the Passage of the USA Patriot Act of 2001
33
A Second Day of Infamy for America
35
September 12 2001October 26 2001
40
The USA Patriot Act of 2001 October 26 2001
49
A Legal Analysis of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 by the Congressional Research Service CRS
53
The Critics of the 2001 Patriot Act Civil Liberties Endangered by the Imperatives of National Security
65
The Critics of the Patriot Act
70
Legislators
80
The US General Accounting Office
83
Office of Inspector General DOJ
84
States Cities and Towns
86
The Media
88
The Federal Courts Enter the Fray
90
The Bush Administrations Aggressive Defense of the 2001 USA Patriot Act and Its Floating of Patriot Act II
101
The Response of the Bush Administration to Criticism of the 2001 Patriot Act 20012004
104
Other Antiterrorist Executive Orders of the Bush Administration and Congressional Actions 20012003
106
Creation of the Terrorist Threat Integration Center 2003
108
The Administrations Initial Defense of the USA Patriot Act 20012002
110
Media Defenders of the Bush Administrations Antiterrorism Actions
113
Ashcrofts On the Road Campaign in Defense of the 2001 USA Patriot Act
114
Enhancement Act of 2003 A Patriot Act II?
118
The Bush Administrations Proposal to Strengthen the 2001 Patriot Act
119
The Critics Condemn the 2003 Enhancement Proposal
123
The Future of the 2001 USA Patriot Act
125
Key Players Organizations and Governmental Responses US National Security and the 2001 Patriot Act
133
John Ashcroft
134
L Paul Bremer
135
George H W Bush
136
Dick Cheney
137
Camp XRay Guantanamo Bay Cuba
146
JapaneseAmerican Internment 19421946
147
Sedition Act 1918
148
Documents
151
2001 Report on Foreign Terrorist Organizations Released by the Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism US Department of State October 5 2...
167
Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003DOJ SectionbySection Analysis Excerpts
173
US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfelds WaronTerror Memo October 16 2003
197
Directory of Major Organizations Involved with the USA Patriot Act of 2001
199
American Conservative Union
200
Cato Institute
201
Center for Constitutional Rights
202
Center for Democracy and Technology
203
Center for National Security Studies
205
Center for Public Integrity
206
Center for Strategic and International Studies
207
Federalist Society
208
The Heritage Foundation
209
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
210
Governmental Websites
211
US Department of Justice
212
US General Accounting Office
213
The White House
214
Bibliography
215
Internet Resources
218
Chronology
221
Glossary
225
Index
243
About the Author
265
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Howard Ball is professor of law at Vermont Law School, South Royalton, VT, and professor of political science and University Scholar Emeritus at the University of Vermont, Burlington, VT. His more than two dozen published works include ABC-CLIO's U.S. Homeland Security and War Crimes and Justice.