U.S. Chemical Warfare Policy: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on National Security Policy and Scientific Developments of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-third Congress, Second Session

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Page 110 - A treaty shall be interpreted in good faith in accordance with the ordinary meaning to be given to the terms of the treaty in their context and in the light of its object and purpose.
Page 56 - BACTERIOLOGICAL METHODS OF WARFARE Signed at Geneva June 17, 1925 Entered into force February 8, 1928 The Undersigned Plenipotentiaries, in the name of their respective Governments: Whereas the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of all analogous liquids, materials or devices...
Page 109 - Whereas the prohibition of such use has been declared in treaties to which the majority of Powers of the world are parties; and To the end that this prohibition shall be universally accepted as a part of international law, binding alike the conscience and the practice of nations; DECLARE : That the high contracting parties, so far as they are not already parties to treaties prohibiting such use, accept this prohibition, agree to extend this prohibition to the use of bacteriological methods of warfare...
Page 370 - Calls for strict observance by all States of the principles and objectives of the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925, and condemns all actions contrary to those objectives; 2.
Page 362 - Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare The undersigned Plenipotentiaries, in the name of their respective Governments: Whereas the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of all analogous liquids, materials or devices...
Page 110 - There shall be taken into account, together with the context: (a) any subsequent agreement between the parties regarding the interpretation of the treaty or the application of its provisions; (b) any subsequent practice in the application of the treaty which establishes the agreement of the parties regarding its interpretation; (c) any relevant rules of international law applicable in the relations between the parties.
Page 111 - Any chemical agents of warfare — chemical substances, whether gaseous, liquid or solid — which might be employed because of their direct toxic effects on man, animals or plants; (b) Any biological agents of warfare— living organisms, whatever their nature, or infective material derived from them— which are intended to cause disease or death in man, animals or plants, and which depend for their effects on their ability to multiply in the person, animal or plant attacked.
Page 369 - L'emploi en temps de guerre des gaz asphyxiants, toxiques ou similaires, ainsi que de tous liquides, matières ou procédés analogues...
Page 362 - That the high contracting parties, so far as they are not already parties to treaties prohibiting such use, accept this prohibition, agree to extend this prohibition to the use of bacteriological methods of warfare, and agree to be bound as between themselves according to the terms of this declaration. The high contracting parties will exert every effort to induce other states to accede to the present protocol. Such accession will be notified to the Government of the French Republic...
Page 370 - The General Assembly, Considering that chemical and biological methods of warfare have always been viewed with horror and been justly condemned by the international community, Considering that these methods of warfare are inherently reprehensible because their effects are often uncontrollable and unpredictable and may be injurious without distinction to combatants and non-combatants, and because any use would entail a serious risk of escalation, Recalling that successive international instruments...

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