U.S. Policy and World Food Needs: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on International Organizations and Movements and on Foreign Economic Policy Of..., 93-2, Sept. 10-12, 1974
1974 - 163 pages
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Page 22 - I NEED not tell you gentlemen that the world situation is very serious. That must be apparent to all intelligent people. I think one difficulty is that the problem is one of such enormous complexity that the very mass of facts presented to the public by press and radio make it exceedingly difficult for the man in the street to reach a clear appraisement of the situation.
Page 8 - Canada, per capita grain utilization is currently approaching one ton per year. Of this total, only about 150 pounds are consumed directly in the form of bread, pastries, and breakfast cereals. The remainder is consumed indirectly in the form of meat, milk, and eggs. The agricultural resources — land, water...
Page 9 - ... to make it produce. Yet most of the rivers that lend themselves to damming and to irrigation have already been developed. Future efforts to expand fresh water supplies for agricultural purposes will increasingly focus on such techniques as the diversion of rivers (as in the Soviet Union), desalting sea water, and the manipulation of rainfall patterns to increase the share of rain falling over moisture-deficient agricultural areas.
Page 7 - seventies the soaring demand for food spurred by both continuing population growth and rising affluence, has begun to outrun the productive capacity of the world's farmers and fishermen.
Page 8 - A 3 per cent increase in population generates a 3 per cent increase in the demand for food. But the impact of rising affluence is not so readily understood. One way to visualize it is in terms of per capita grain requirements. In the less developed countries, only about 400 pounds of grain per year is available to the average person. Almost all of this quantity must be consumed directly merely to meet minimal food-energy needs; very little can be converted into livestock products.
Page 9 - As we have noted", soybeans are a major source of high-quality protein for livestock and poultry through the world, and in East Asia they are consumed directly as food by perhaps a billion people. Soybeans are therefore extremely important in economic terms. They have become the leading export of the United States, surpassing not only more traditional farm exports, such as wheat and corn, but also high technology items, such as electronic computers and jet aircraft.
Page 32 - I think I told you last year that I didn't want to get into the position of evaluating our task on a dollar savings basis. There is no question in my mind that we are going to have very, very substantial savings. Keep in mind that we are making a report to Congress, and while a substantial part of our report might be implemented by the executive agencies, there are other areas that are governed by law.
Page 99 - Tliis last year the Scientific Research Board appointed to survey research and scientific studies throughout the Government and to a considerable degree, throughout the United States has made a five-volume report of its findings. If I may. I would like to take just a moment to give you one or two brief statements from two of those reports. The first is from volume 1 of the report on Science and Public Policy, issued August 27, 1947. The opening sentences are : The security...
Page 145 - Recognizing that our population cannot grow indefinitely, and appreciating the advantages of moving now toward the stabilization of population, the Commission recommends that the nation welcome and plan for a stabilized population.
Page 9 - Two major constraints are operative in the case of beef. Agricultural scientists have not been able to devise any commercially viable means of getting more than one calf per cow per year. For every animal that goes into the beef production process, one adult must be fed and otherwise maintained for a full year. There does not appear to be any prospect of an imminent breakthrough on this front.