U.S. and World Food Situation: Hearings, Before the Subcommittee on Agricultural Production, Marketing, and Stabilization of Prices and Subcommittee on Foreign Agricultural Policy of the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, United States Senate, Ninety-third Congress, First Session

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Page 87 - II until recently, world prices for the principal temperate-zone farm commodities such as wheat, feedgrains, and soybeans, have been remarkably stable. In part, this is because throughout much of this period world prices have rested on the commodity support level in the United States. Since world food reserves...
Page 80 - The availability of arable land is important, but perhaps even more important to the future will be the availability of water for agricultural purposes. In many regions of the world, fertile agricultural land is available if water can be found to make it produce. Yet most of the rivers that lend themselves to damming and to irrigation have already been developed. Future efforts to expand fresh water supplies for agricultural purposes will increasingly focus on such techniques as the diversion of...
Page 84 - ... continue to rise every year. Many marine biologists now feel that the global catch of table-grade fish is at or near the maximum sustainable level. A large number of the 30 or so leading species of commercial-grade fish currently may be over-fished, that is, stocks will not sustain even the current level of catch.
Page 91 - The jump in per acre yields in most developing countries appears dramatic largely because their yields traditionally have been so low relative to the potential. But today rice yields per acre in India and Nigeria still...
Page 78 - ... a race between food and people. At the end of each year, observers anxiously compared rates of increase in food production with those of population growth to see if any progress was being made. Throughout most of the decade it was nip and tuck. During the 1970s, rapid global population growth continues to generate demand for more food, but, in addition, rising affluence is emerging as a major new claimant on the world's food resources.
Page 80 - Other parts of the world, including particularly the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, north Africa, the Caribbean, Central America, and the Andean countries, are losing disturbingly large acreages of cropland each year because of severe erosion.
Page 90 - ... an assurance the affluent nations may be less able to provide in the future if the current system of autonomous, nationally oriented food planning is allowed to continue without modification.
Page 177 - The President is authorized to determine requirements and furnish agricultural commodities, on behalf of the people of the United States of America, to meet famine or other urgent or extraordinary relief requirements; to combat malnutrition, especially in children; to promote economic and community development in friendly developing areas; and for needy persons and nonprofit school lunch and preschool feeding programs outside the United States.
Page 86 - States brought back into production a small portion of the 50 million idle acres, and again in 1971, as a result of the corn blight in the United States. In 1973, in response to growing food scarcities, world grain reserves once more declined, and the...
Page 188 - The committee shall report to the House (or to the Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) as soon as practicable during the present Congress the results of its investigation and study, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. For...

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