Ultimate Zero and One: Computing at the Quantum Frontier
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 22, 1999 - Computers - 250 pages
As miniaturization deepens, and nanotechnology and its machines become more prevalent in the real world, the need to consider using quantum mechanical concepts to perform various tasks in computation increases. Such talks include: the teleporting of information, breaking heretofore "unbreakable" codes, communicating with messages that betray eavesdropping, and the generation of random munbers. To date, there has been no book written which applies quantum physics to the basic operations of a computer. This one does, thus presenting us with the ideal vehicle for explaining the complexities of quantum mechanics to students, researchers and computer engineers, alike, as they prepare to design and create the computing and information delivery systems for the future. Both authors have solid backgrounds in the subject matter at the theoretical and research level, as well as experience on a more practical plane. While also intended for use as a text for senior/grad level students in computer science/physics/engineering, this book has its primary use as an up-to-date reference work in the emerging interdisciplinary field of quantum computing. It does require knowledge of calculus and familiarity with the concept of the Turing machine.
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1-qubit Alice and Bob amplitude atom beam splitter bit string bomb Chapter classical computer classical physics controlled-nOT cryptosystem decrypt described deterministic Turing machine digits effect efficiently electron encode encrypted energy entangled example exponential fact factor frequency function given halt Hence horizontal initial input integers interaction-free interactions interferometer key pad laser logic mathematical measurement molecule nuclear spins one-time pad operation orientation outcomes output pair particle particular perform photon physicists polarized photons polynomial possible predict prefix-free prime private key probabilistic probability problem public key pulses puter quan quantum algorithm quantum circuit quantum computer quantum cryptography quantum gates quantum mechanics quantum memory register quantum parallelism quantum physics quantum system quantum teleportation quantum theory quantum Turing machine qubit random numbers Register2 result rotation scheme sequence Shor's algorithm simulate solve step superposition tape teleportation tion vertical Walsh-Hadamard gate
Page xi - Thus, thought processes and quantum systems are analogous in that they cannot be analyzed too much in terms of distinct elements, because the "intrinsic" nature of each element is not a property existing separately from and independently of other elements but is, instead, a property that arises partially from its relation with other elements.