Ultra Low Power Bioelectronics: Fundamentals, Biomedical Applications, and Bio-Inspired Systems

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 22, 2010 - Technology & Engineering
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This book provides, for the first time, a broad and deep treatment of the fields of both ultra low power electronics and bioelectronics. It discusses fundamental principles and circuits for ultra low power electronic design and their applications in biomedical systems. It also discusses how ultra energy efficient cellular and neural systems in biology can inspire revolutionary low power architectures in mixed-signal and RF electronics. The book presents a unique, unifying view of ultra low power analog and digital electronics and emphasizes the use of the ultra energy efficient subthreshold regime of transistor operation in both. Chapters on batteries, energy harvesting, and the future of energy provide an understanding of fundamental relationships between energy use and energy generation at small scales and at large scales. A wealth of insights and examples from brain implants, cochlear implants, bio-molecular sensing, cardiac devices, and bio-inspired systems make the book useful and engaging for students and practicing engineers.
 

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Contents

fundamentals benefits and rootlocus analysis
28
general treatment
57
practical treatment
84
smallsignal operation
103
Deep submicron effects in MOS transistors
129
Noise in devices
155
Noise in electrical and nonelectrical circuits
184
Feedback systems
212
Lowpower RF and energyharvesting circuits for biomedical systems
419
Energyharvesting RF antenna power links
454
Lowpower RF telemetry in biomedical implants
489
Ultralowpower implantable medical electronics
531
Ultralowpower noninvasive medical electronics
579
Principles for ultralowpower digital design
617
Principles for ultralowpower analog and mixedsignal design
651
Neuromorphic electronics
697

Returnratio analysis
240
Lowpower transimpedance amplifiers and photoreceptors
275
Lowpower transconductance amplifiers and scaling laws
301
Lowpower filters and resonators
330
Lowpower currentmode circuits
354
Ultralowpower and neuroninspired analogtodigital conversion
385
cellinspired electronics for systems
753
Batteries and electrochemistry
789
Energy harvesting and the future of energy
822
Epilogue
859
Index
879
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About the author (2010)

Rahul Sarpeshkar leads a research group on bioelectronics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he has been a Professor since 1999. This book is based on material from a course that Professor Sarpeshkar has taught at MIT for 10 years, where he has received both the Junior Bose Award and the Ruth and Joel Spira Award for excellence in teaching. He has won several awards for his interdisciplinary bioengineering research including the Packard Fellow Award given to outstanding faculty.

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