Ultrasonic Methods of Non-destructive Testing

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 30, 1995 - Technology & Engineering - 264 pages
2 Reviews
Ultrasonic Methods of Non-Destructive Testing covers the basic principles and practices of ultrasonic testing, starting with the basic theory of vibration and propagation, design and properties and probes, and then proceeding to the principles and practice of the various ultrasonic techniques for different types of components and structures, both metallic and non-metallic. The design and operation of various types of equipment are covered and references to appropriate national and international standards are provided. Numerous applications are discussed comprehensively and special attention is paid to latest developments. A large number of references is provided so as to enable the reader to obtain further information.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
REFERENCES
3
The propagation of low amplitude ultrasound
5
22 FREE AND FORCED VIBRATIONS
6
23 WAVE MOTION
11
24 ATTENUATION OF PLANE WAVES
18
25 REFLECTION AND TRANSMISSION OF PLANE WAVES
19
26 STATIONARY WAVES
27
REFERENCES
130
Ultrasonic flaw detection
131
73 ANGLE PROBE OPERATION
144
74 THE TESTING OF FORGINGS AND OF ROLLED AND WROUGHT METALS
150
75 IMMERSION TESTING TECHNIQUES
154
REFERENCES
158
Flaw sizing in metals
159
82 PROBE MOVEMENT SIZING METHODS
160

27 DIFFRACTION
31
28 CONTINUOUS AND PULSED WAVES
35
29 PHASE AND GROUP VELOCITIES
36
210 FOCUSING SYSTEMS
39
REFERENCES
41
Ultrasonic characterization
42
33 ULTRASONIC SCATTERING AND ABSORPTION
45
34 ANISOTROPIC MATERIALS
48
35 SURFACE AND LAMB WAVES
49
REFERENCES
51
Ultrasonic transducers
52
PRINCIPLES
53
43 THE PROPERTIES OF PIEZOELECTRIC TRANSDUCERS
58
44 PIEZOELECTRIC ULTRASONIC PROBES
60
45 OTHER TRANSDUCERS
68
REFERENCES
83
The principles of ultrasonic testing
85
53 THE PULSEECHO METHOD
86
54 THE PULSETRANSMISSION OR SHADOW METHOD
95
55 THE PULSERESONANCE METHOD
96
56 SCANNING AND IMAGING
97
57 CONTINUOUS WAVE TECHNIQUES
100
58 THE ULTRASONIC GONIOMETER
103
59 IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENTS
105
511 ACOUSTIC EMISSION TESTING
106
REFERENCES
108
Ultrasonic testing equipment
109
62 HIGHFREQUENCY PULSE OPERATING EQUIPMENT
110
63 ULTRASONIC THICKNESS GAUGES
121
64 MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS
127
83 AMPLITUDE METHODS
166
84 ATTENUATION CORRECTIONS
175
REFERENCES
177
The testing of metals
179
94 SHAFTS ROTORS AND ROLLERS
185
95 HEAVY FORGINGS
187
96 WELDS
188
97 CASTINGS
200
98 RIVETS AND BOLTS
201
REFERENCES
202
The examination of nonmetals and adhesive bonds
204
103 THE TESTING OF WOOD AND TIMBER
216
104 THE TESTING OF PLASTICS AND RUBBER
218
105 THE TESTING OF FIBREREINFORCED PLASTICS
223
106 THE TESTING OF CERAMICS
227
107 THE TESTING OF ADHESIVE BONDS
229
REFERENCES
234
Training certification and standards
236
112 STANDARDS
238
Further reading
243
Free damped vibrations
246
Time delay produced with mode conversion on internal reflection at the lateral surface of a long cylinder
248
Specific acoustic impedance for attenuated plane progressive waves
250
Evaluations of the ratios of skip distance to sound path for pipes and plates having equal thicknesses for given ratios of diameter to wall thickness an...
251
Mode conversion caused by beam spread from a compressionwave probe located on the curved surface of a metal cylinder
254
Transit time for ultrasonic waves in reinforced concrete
256
Useful addresses
257
Notes on units
258
Index
261
Copyright

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