Unarmed Insurrections: People Power Movements In Nondemocracies
In the last two decades of the twentieth century, a wave of "people power" movements erupted throughout the nondemocratic world. In South Africa, the Philippines, Nepal, Thailand, Burma (Myanmar), China, and elsewhere, mass protest demonstrations, strikes, boycotts, civil disobedience, and other nonviolent actions were brought to bear on a rigid political status quo. Kurt Schock compares the successes of the antiapartheid movement in South Africa, the people power movement in the Philippines, the pro-democracy movement in Nepal, and the antimilitary movement in Thailand with the failures of the pro-democracy movement in China and the anti-regime challenge in Burma. Schock develops a synthetic framework that allows him to identify which characteristics increase the resilience of a challenge to state repression, and which aspects of a state's relations can he exploited by such a challenge. By looking at how these methods of protest promoted regime change in some countries but not in others, this book provides rare insight into the often overlooked and little understood power of nonviolent action.
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Ackerman and Kruegler activists activities anti-apartheid movement apartheid Aquino armed autonomous Beijing boycotts Burma campaigns of noncooperation campaigns of nonviolent challenge chapter collective action communist coordinated decentralized democracy democratic Disruptive nonviolent intervention dissent economic elections elite divisions emerged face of repression facilitated forces groups human rights hunger strike implemented increased insurgency Kathmandu leverage Marcos martial law mass ment methods of noncooperation methods of nonviolent mobilization National Ne Win Nepal networks nondemocracies noninstitutional nonviolent action nonviolent resistance occurred oppression participation Philippines political action political context political opportunities power movement pressure pro-democracy movement promote political change Protest and persuasion protest demonstrations protestors radical flank effect Rangoon reform remain resilient resistance response social movement social movement unionism South Africa state's stayaways strategy structures struggles tactics Thailand third parties Tiananmen Square tion transnational umbrella organization unarmed insurrections undermine violence violent action violent repression workers Zhao Zunes