Uncooled Infrared Imaging Arrays and Systems

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Academic Press, Nov 24, 1997 - Technology & Engineering - 341 pages
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This is the first book to describe an emerging but already growing technology of thermal imaging based on uncooled infrared imaging arrays and systems, which are the most exciting new developments in infrared technology today. This technology is of great importance to developers and users of thermal images for military and commercial applications. The chapters, prepared by world leaders in the technology, describe not only the mainstream efforts, but also exciting new approaches and fundamental limits applicable to all.
  • Unified approach to technology development based on fundamental limits
  • Individual chapters written by world leaders in each technology
  • Novel potential approaches, allowing for the reduction of costs, described in detail
  • Descriptive and analytical
  • Provides details of the mainstream approaches--resistive bolometric, pyroelectric/field enhanced pyroelectric, thermoelectric
  • Provides insight into a unified approach to development of all types of thermal imaging arrays Features state-of-the-art and selected new developments

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Chapter 1 Historical Overview
Chapter 2 Principles of Uncooled Infrared Focal Plane Arrays
Chapter 3 Monolithic Silicon Microbolometer Arrays
Chapter 4 Hybrid PyroelectricFerroelectric Bolometer Arrays
Chapter 5 Monolithic Pyroelectric Bolometer Arrays
Chapter 6 Thermoelectric Uncooled Infrared Focal Plane Arrays
Chapter 7 Pyroelectric Vidicon
Chapter 8 Tunneling Infrared Sensors
Chapter 9 Application of Quartz Microresonators to Uncooled Infrared Imaging Arrays
Chapter 10 Application of Uncooled Monolithic Thermoelectric Linear Arrays to Imaging Radiometers
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About the author (1997)

Dr. David Skatrud is the Associate Director of the Physics Division of the U.S. Army Research Office. He also serves as the program manager for the Army's extramural research programs in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics; Obscured Visibility, and Image Analysis. In addition, he is an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Duke University Department of Physics. A native of Conrad, Montana, Dr. Skatrud received a Bachelor of Arts degree from St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, in 1979 with major in mathematics and physics, and a Ph.D. in Physics from Duke University in 1984. Dr. Skatrud held a Post Doctoral appointment as a research associate and instructor with the Physics Department at Duke University from 1984-1985. Following that he joined the Physics Division of the U.S. Army Research Offices program manager for the Army's extramural research program in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. Since 1991, he has also served as the Physics Division's Associate Director. He has been on the adjunct faculty of Duke University since 1986, with the rank of Associate Professor since 1990. Areas of interest in his research program at Duke include novel far-infrared molecular lasers, submillimeter-wave spectroscopy, rotational/vibrational collisional kinetics, and neat millimeter-wave sources and detectors.

Dr. Paul W. Kruse, who received his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Notre Dame in 1954, is widely recognized in the IR community. His work under Air Force contract, being in 1961, resulted in the initial U.S. development of mercury cadmium telluride as an IR detector, for which he received the H.S. Sweatt Award from Honeywell in 1966 and the Alan Gordon Memorial Award from SPIE in 1981. He is the co-author of Elements of Infrared Technology (Wiley, 1992), the author of more than 125 other scientific publications, and the holder of ten patents. He has served on 23 scientific advisory boards. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, a Fellow of the Optical Society of America, an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. After two years at Farnsworth Electronics Company beginning in 1954, he joined Honeywell in 1956, from which he retired in August 1993 as Chief Research Fellow of the Honeywell Technology Center. He is presently Vice President and Chief Scientist of Infrared Solutions, Inc., a developer and manufacturer of uncooled infrared thermal imaging systems and imaging radiometers.

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