Undead Theories: Constructivism, Eclecticism and Research in Education
Theory is dead... long live theory! In this collection of linked essays, David Geelan explores the contentious relationship between theory and research in education. The first chapter proclaims the 'death of theory' in educational research, but the remainder of the book explores a number of the ways in which theory survives and thrives. A commitment to conducting educational research that directly serves students and teachers, and that changes the life in classrooms through negotiation and collaboration, not through prescription, requires new tools and new ways of using them. Such tools include narrative modes of conducting and representing research as well as a 'disciplined eclecticism' that emphasises choosing and using competing theories in intentional ways. Metaphorical descriptions from the philosophy of science - particularly Kuhn and Popper - have been influential in science education. David explores the value of such perspectives, and argues that although they have offered important insights for science education, their use has also 'forced other perspectives into blindness'. In the contexts of research methodology, educational philosophy, science education and educational technology, David talks about new 'places to stand and ways to look' but, more importantly, gives specific examples of the ways in which these methodological tools and philosophical perspectives have been used in his own teaching and research practices.
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activity approach assessment assignments assumptions attempting Bauersfeld believe centre challenge Chapter collaborative commitments complex computer mediated communication conceptual change pedagogy constructivist epistemologies constructivist perspectives context course critical discourse critical reflection described Discussion Room distance education educational research emancipatory embody epistemology of practice explore Feyerabend focus forms of constructivism Geelan Habermas hermeneutic human ideas important impressionistic Imre Lakatos individual inquiry interactions interest involved issues knowledge claims Kuhn’s Lakatos learners Manen metaphor mode narrative Nathaniel Gage open and critical open discourse paper paradigm participation particular Paul Feyerabend personal construct personal construct psychology Peter Taylor philosophy of science Polkinghorne Posner postmodern epistemology professional psychology relationships research in education research programs role schemes science education scientific semester SMEC social Steier structure suggests teacher education teaching and learning teaching practices theoretical perspectives theory Thomas Kuhn tutors understanding unit Van Manen web-based Whitehead