Understanding Cultures through Their Key Words: English, Russian, Polish, German, and Japanese
Oxford University Press, 07/08/1997 - 328 páginas
This book develops the dual themes that languages can differ widely in their vocabularies, and are also sensitive indices to the cultures to which they belong. Wierzbicka seeks to demonstrate that every language has "key concepts," expressed in "key words," which reflect the core values of a given culture. She shows that cultures can be revealingly studied, compared, and explained to outsiders through their key concepts, and that the analytical framework necessary for this purpose is provided by the "natural semantic metalanguage," based on lexical universals, that the author and colleagues have developed on the basis of wide-ranging cross-linguistic investigations. Appealing to anthropologists, psychologists, and philosophers as well as linguists, this book demonstrates that cultural patterns can be studied in a verifiable, rigorous, and non-speculative way, on the basis of empirical evidence and in a coherent theoretical framework.
Opinião das pessoas - Escrever uma crítica
Não foram encontradas quaisquer críticas nos locais habituais.
Patterns of Friendship Across Cultures
Freedom in Latin English Russian and Polish
Homeland and Fatherland in German Polish and Russian
5 Australian Key Words and Core Cultural Values
Outras edições - Ver tudo
Understanding Cultures Through Their Key Words: English, Russian, Polish ...
Pré-visualização limitada - 1997
Understanding Cultures through Their Key Words: English, Russian, Polish ...
Pré-visualização limitada - 1997
American appears attitude Australian bad things bastard bugger called changes characteristic clearly close component concept context contrast course culture defined definition described dictionary discussion drug earlier emotional English equality example expected explication expression fact feel freedom frequently friendship German giri glosses hand happen Heimat human idea ideal illustrated implies important individual interesting Japan Japanese kind language liberty linked live mate mateship meaning mother nature obligation ofczyzna offered older one's one’s particular person phrase podruga Polish political positive possible proposed question quoted refers reflected relations relationship respect rodina roughly Russian seems seen semantic sense sentences shared shows similar social society someone speak suggests svoboda things traditional translated true universal Vaterland want to say whereas whole word
Página 8 - We dissect nature along lines laid down by our native languages. The categories and types that we isolate from the world of phenomena we do not find there because they stare every observer in the face; on the contrary, the world is presented in a kaleidoscopic flux of impressions which has to be organized by our minds — and this means largely by the linguistic systems in our minds.
Página 8 - We cut nature up, organize it into concepts, and ascribe significances as we do, largely because we are parties to an agreement to organize it in this way — an agreement that holds throughout our speech community and is codified in the patterns of our language.