Understanding Medical Terms: A Guide for Pharmacy Practice, Second Edition
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION
The need for a thorough understanding of medical terminology has not diminished in the least for pharmacists and other health care practitioners in the five years between the publication of the first edition of this book and this second edition. If anything, it has become greater. The pharmacy profession has further solidified its clinical role in patient care, and pharmacists are more entrenched than ever before in the role of counselor and advisor to both patients and practitioners alike. For more than a few pharmacists, what not long ago was an occasional question from a physician about appropriate drug therapy has become regular consultation concerning the interaction of drugs with the patient, his life, and the many other therapies he may be facing. Pharmacy chains, which not long ago installed glass walls to separate the pharmacist from customers, have asked technicians to count pills while pharmacists are in continuous contact with the patient.
Such practice changes have increased the demand for clinical knowledge among pharmacists, including a knowledge of medical terminology, and those demands have been passed on to the authors in preparation of the second edition of this book. While the role of the text is still to help pharmacists be more effective interpreters and counselors, some changes have been made in response to reader requests.
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Fundamentals of Medical Terms
The Health Care System Structure
Translating the Medical Record
Abbreviations Eponyms and Lay Terms
The Cardiovascular System and Its Disorders
THERAPEUTIC TERMINOLOGY 59
The Musculoskeletal System and Its Disorders
The Integumentary Dermatologic System and Its Disorders
The Endocrine System and Its Disorders
The Hematologic System and Its Disorders
The LymphaticImmune System and Its Disorders
Trauma and Poisoning
Nutritional DisordersAlternative Medicine
Appendix A Medical Abbreviations
abnormal acid acute anemia antibodies antigen artery arthritis associated atrial bacterial bladder body bone marrow brain called cancer capillary carcinoma cardiac caused cavity cerebral chronic coronary denotes diabetes diabetes mellitus diagnosis disease disorders drug duct erythrocyte esophagus fluid fracture function gland glomerulonephritis glucose heart hepatitis hormone hypertension immune infarction infection inflammation intestine involving joint kidney lesions leukemia liver lung lupus erythematosus lymph nodes lymphatic lymphocytes malignant Meaning Example medical terms membrane metabolic monocytes muscle myocardial myocardial infarction neoplasm nerve nervous system neutrophils normal nutrition organs otitis media oxygen pain patient pharmacists plasma posterior prefixes pressure primary procedure protein pulmonary reaction red blood cells referred renal respiratory result root serum skin specialty dealing specific spinal stomach structures suffix surgery surgical symptoms syndrome terminology therapy thyroid tissue tract treatment tube tumor ulcer urethral urinary urine uterus vascular vein venous ventricle ventricular vitamin